Calovius, Abraham(kəlō`vēəs), 1612–86, German Lutheran theologian, whose original name was Kalan or Calan. He was (1637–43) a professor of theology at Königsberg, then pastor at Danzig, and after 1650 teacher, general superintendent, and finally dean of the theological faculty at Wittenberg. In his many tracts he defended the strict orthodox party against Catholic, Socinian, Arminian, and other views. He particularly attacked the syncretistic doctrines of Georgius CalixtusCalixtus, Georgius
, 1586–1656, German Protestant theologian, whose original name was Georg Callisen. He extended the influence of Melanchthon, and sought a basis, such as the Apostles' Creed, for uniting Christian churches.
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