bindweed(redirected from Calystegia sepium)
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Related to Calystegia sepium: Cirsium arvense, Larger bindweed
bindweed:see morning glorymorning glory,
common name for members of the Convolvulaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and small trees (many of them climbing forms) inhabiting warm regions, especially the tropics of America and Asia. The family is characterized by milky sap.
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(1) A genus of plants(Convolvulus) of the family Convolvulaceae. The plants can be twining or nontwining herbs and shrubs. There are approximately 250 species, distributed mainly in the temperate regions. In the USSR there are 30 species. The most common is the lesser bindweed,(C. arvensis), a persistent perennial soboliferous weed with pale-rose slightly aromatic flowers. The plant grows on cultivated and fallow land, along dams, in ravines, and in other similar habitats. As green fodder bindweed is poisonous in large quantities, but it is harmless in hay. The desert species, C. divaricatus and C. erinaceus, are valuable feed plants. The species C. subhirsutus grows in the forest foothills of Middle Asia. A highly toxic plant of the Crimea, Asia Minor, and the Near East is C. scammonia.
(2) Often the name bindweed includes several species with twining stems of the genus Calystegia, which is also in the family Convolvulaceae.
(3) Sometimes bindweed refers to the South American Ipomoea of the family Convolvulaceae, as well as to the black bindweed (Polygonum convolvulus) of the family Polygonaceae. The black bindweed is a twining annual weed with small plain greenish flowers.
T. V. EGOROVA