Cambridgeshire

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Cambridgeshire,

county (1991 pop. 640,700), 1,313 sq mi (3,402 sq km), E central England. The county seat is CambridgeCambridge,
city (1991 pop. 87,111) and district, Cambridgeshire, E central England, on the River Cam. The city, set in flat country, is most famous as the site of the Univ. of Cambridge, and tourism is an economic mainstay.
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. The county is divided into five administrative districts: Cambridge, South Cambridgeshire, East Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, and Fenland. Most of the area is alluvial fenland, rising to the low, chalky East Anglian Hills in the south, with the Gogmagog Hills near Cambridge the most conspicuous feature. The main rivers are the Ouse, with its tributaries, and the Nene. Efforts to reclaim the fens date back to the days of Roman occupation, but in the subsequent periods of invasion by Danes, Saxons, and Normans they were abandoned. The fens were drained after the Dutchman Cornelius Vermuyden completed a vast drainage project in 1653. Agriculture and light industry are the dominant economic activities. Wheat, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, and fruits are raised. Food processing is an important industry as well as radio engineering and the manufacture of cement, bricks, and scientific instruments. The town of ElyEly,
town (1991 pop. 9,006), Cambridgeshire, E central England. It is a market town for the surrounding rich farming area and has food-processing industries. Tourism is also important. Secluded in the Fens, it was the site of the last serious resistance to William I in 1071.
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 has been an ecclesiastical center for centuries. The Univ. of CambridgeCambridge, University of,
at Cambridge, England, one of the oldest English-language universities in the world. Originating in the early 12th cent. (legend places its origin even earlier than that of the Univ.
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 dates from the 12th cent.

Cambridgeshire

 

a county in Great Britain, in England, in the Ouse river basin. Area, 2,300 sq km. Population, 302,500 (1971). Administrative center, Cambridge. The county is divided into two administrative sections: Cambridgeshire proper (area, 1,300 sq km) and the Isle of Ely (area, 1,000 sq km). Cambridgeshire is primarily an agricultural area.

Cambridgeshire

a county of E England, in East Anglia: includes the former counties of the Isle of Ely and Huntingdon and lies largely in the Fens: Peterborough became an independent unitary authority in 1998. Administrative centre: Cambridge. Pop. (excluding Peterborough): 571 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Peterborough): 3068 sq. km (184 sq. miles)