Cambyses II

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Related to Cambyses II: Darius I, Smerdis, Cambyses II of Persia

Cambyses II


Date of birth unknown; died in 522 B.C. Ancient Persian king of the Achaemenid dynasty; ruled from 530 to 522. Son of Cyrus the Great.

In 525, Cambyses conquered Egypt, defeating the Egyptian army at Pelusium, and took Pharaoh Psamtik III prisoner. After seizing the throne of Egypt, Cambyses founded what was, according to the calculation of the ancient Egyptian historian Manetho, the 27th dynasty of pharaohs. In 524 he invaded Cush but was defeated. Upon learning of the outbreak of Gaumata the Magian’s rebellion against him in 522, Cambyses left for Persia. He died en route under mysterious circumstances.


Dandamaev, M. A. Iran pri pervykh Akhemenidakh. Moscow, 1963.
Olmstead, A. T. History of the Persian Empire. Chicago, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
hey believe that the bones and artifacts belong to the lost army of the Cambyses II, which was said to have been buried by a cataclysmic sandstorm in 525 BC.
According to some, the Sorkh Deh tomb was the resting place of Smerdis, the youngest son of Cyrus the Great (ruled 559-530 BCE) and brother of King Cambyses II (ruled 530522 BCE).