Camelina


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Camelina

 

a genus of annual herbaceous plants of the family Cruciferae. There are ten species, distributed in Europe and Asia. Eight species are found in the USSR. C. sativa and C. silvestris are under cultivation. The root is shaftlike, and the stem is thin and ramose and reaches a height of 100 cm. The small, lanceolate leaves are sessile or on short petioles; they are entire or dentate. The radical leaves of C. silvestris form a rosette. Camelina is hairless or downy; a heavy pubescence characterizes C. silvestris. The inflorescence is a raceme of small, pale yellow flowers. The fruit is a pod measuring 5–10 mm long. The seeds are red-brown and become slimy when immersed in water; 1,000 seeds weigh 0.6–2 g.

The plant does not demand much warmth or moisture. The seeds contain a fatty oil (35–47 percent), which is used for industrial purposes and, less frequently, as food. Camelina is grown on small areas in the USSR and France; it was first cultivated in these regions in the late 19th century. The yield is 10–12 quintals per hectare. The best varieties in the USSR are Voronezh 349, Omsk Local, Kirghiz 1, and Trans-Volga. The first three are varieties of C. sativa, and the last is a variety of C. silvestris.

REFERENCES

Voskresenskaia, G. S. Ryzhik. Moscow, 1952.
Minkevich, A. I., and V. E. Borkovskii. Maslichnye kul’tury. 3rd ed. Moscow, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the past decade or so, Agricultural Research Service scientists at several locations across the country have conducted multi-faceted studies aimed at making novel oilseed crops like camelina more profitable for farmers to grow, easier for industry to process, and better performing as finished biofuels or other products.
Camelina oil is one such oil experiencing a rise in popularity.
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Formerly the USSR's cotton plantation, the Caspian coast is rich in camelina which can become a major player in the production of biofuels if sufficient investment from OECD-based majors (given the proper incentives) to be attracted to Azerbaijan and Iran.
Grown in the Great Canadian Prairies, Biodroga's camelina is harvested and the seeds carefully collected, cleaned and pressed to produce highly pure camelina oil.
It's chock-a-block with Welsh White Lop Cross pig sausages, shelves of luxury bara brith from Popty'r Bryn, Camelina Gwyrdd pesto, Glyndwr wine and Clogwyn Gold beer from Bragdy Conwy Brewery.
7 million for 40,000 gallons of fuel from the camelina plant.
4018 CAMELINA-BIOFUEL' aimed at investigating the use of camelina sativa oil in the production of biofuels.
If you want a higher protein hay for your animals you should grow some Camelina.