camellia

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camellia

(kəmēl`yə) [for G. J. Kamel, a Moravian Jesuit missionary], any plant of the genus Camellia in the teatea,
tree or bush, its leaves, and the beverage made from these leaves. The plant (Camellia sinensis, Thea sinensis, or C. thea) is an evergreen related to the camellia and indigenous to Assam (India) and probably to parts of China and Japan.
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 family, evergreen shrubs or small trees native to Asia but now cultivated extensively in warm climates and in greenhouses for their showy white, red, or variegated blossoms and glossy, dark-green foliage. The tea plant is Camellia sineusis. Several species yield oil from the seeds, e.g., the widely cultivated C. japonica (commonly called japonica) and C. sasanqua and, especially, the Asian C. oleifera, the source of tea-seed oil used in textile and soap manufacture and, when suitably refined, for cooking. C. oleifera has also been used to develop cold-hardy hybrid flowering camellias. Camellias are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Theales, family Theaceae.

Camellia

 

a genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of the family Theaceae. The simple, alternate leaves are on short leaf stalks. The large, solitary flowers are white or red. There are five or more petals and many stamens. The common camellia (Camellia japonica) and its hybrid forms have single or double odorless flowers and are raised outdoors in the Caucasus and southern Crimea and indoors (often in greenhouses). The plants of this genus are propagated by cuttings and seeds. Tea is made from the young shoots of the species C. sinensis and C. assamica. The leaves of the tea oil tree (C. sasanqua), which is native to Japan and China, yield an essential oil containing 97 percent eugenol, a valuable disinfectant used in dentistry. Species are grown in the Black Sea regions of the Caucasus.

REFERENCE

Sealy, J. R. A Revision of the Genus Camellia. London, 1958.

camellia

of Alabama. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 625]

camellia

any ornamental shrub of the Asian genus Camellia, esp C. japonica, having glossy evergreen leaves and showy roselike flowers, usually white, pink or red in colour: family Theaceae
References in periodicals archive ?
With regard to the leaf drop, although they are evergreen plants, camellias still periodically shed their old leaves.
There are two main things to remember with camellias - they need acidic soil so if your garden soil doesn't suit, grow them in containers using ericaceous compost.
COLOURS There is a wide range of camellias on offer, with flowers of differing shades and size.
Camellias are typically reliable in the Virginia Beach region, so I suspect that other factors are making the camellia more susceptible--much like you are more likely to catch the flu when tired.
Camellias make a perfect Mother's Day gift | Camellias make a perfect Mother's Day gift
Natasha Munday Sarah Easton ASOME A'BLACK camellias are perfect for growing in containers.
This variety has an unwarranted reputation for being somewhat temperamental and susceptible to cold, but around almost every old home place and in the older sections of town, established camellias that have survived for decades seem to thrive in spite of the unpredictable vicissitudes of weather.
The Rev Cleasby saved Chester Cathedral from dire financial straits and it was his imagination, such as planting these experimental camellia hybrids received as a donation from Ness Gardens, which not only saved money but also beautified the cathedral grounds.
Good varieties include Camellia x williamsii Donation, which produces pink, semi-double blooms, and Francis Hanger, which bears single white flowers.
Indeed, the story behind the park does have Hollywood potential: a couple of gardeners have a deep love of camellias and, while working for the Locarno Parks Department, they spend every bit of free time fiddling about with the flowers, experimenting with cuttings and propagating--all the things gardeners do best.
First up, most camellias require acid soil, so if this isn't what is in your garden you are best growing them in a pot containing ericaceous compost, and every spring give each camellia a dose of chelated iron, such as Sequestrene.
The most frustrating phenomenon to be seen on camellias is not the result of a disease but of a physiological disorder.