Cameralism

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Cameralism

 

a special program of studies of administrative and economic disciplines taught in European universities in the Middle Ages and in the universities of Russia from the 1850’s. In Germany, for example, this program included economic, geographic, and other subjects. Cameralism received its name from the cameral managements established in the Middle Ages by princes, dukes, and kings with extensive business activities. The so-called cameral disciplines were taught at special university departments and special schools (cameral schools) for the training of bureaucrats and administrators for the affairs of the high feudal lords; disciplines taught included mainly mining, forestry, and agricultural sciences. Marx characterized cameralism as “a medley of smatterings, through whose purgatory the hopeful candidate for the German bureaucracy has to pass” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Sock, 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 13).

References in periodicals archive ?
They also give evidence of the appearance of Silurian pseudorthocerids with subvertical biological orientation and secondary reduced cameral deposits.
concerned about the risk that cameral authority over qualifications
According to Monsen (2008), cameral accounting was developed as early as the 16th century onwards in order to contribute to increased control of public money.
RAWALPINDI, November 07, 2009 (Balochistan Times): Anti Terrorism Court (ATC) during the in cameral trial of Mumbai attack case has directed the prosecution to provide the lawyers of the accused persons the attested copies of record related to case.
4" x 4", the unit features two cameral heads equipped with CCD sensors of the same or different types.
According to the mid-sixteenth-century cameral sources, Turku had 1700-2000 inhabitants (Kallioinen 2000: 49).
Chairman Gavin Simonds said: "The month of February saw a sudden downturn in the market with the strong growth in digital cameral sales we enjoyed ceasing.
This guide begins by examining how the human eye and cameral process light and color, progresses through the basics of equipment and setups, and culminates with lessons on how to solve common problems.
The vehicle also is outfitted with intrusion detection and assessment forward-looking infrared, radar, cameral and pan/tilt turret, as well as vehicle communications link antennas and differential GPS.
68) It is always difficult to craft a majority judgment in a cameral tribunal, especially one containing seventeen judges.
Les Cardineaux Francais et le Diaire Cameral de 1439-1486.
From bottom to top, the stack included: a cameral manual, a bar of soap with soap suds running down onto a corner of the camera manual, a block of ice melting onto the soap, a basketball in a little depression on top of the block of ice, a person standing at attention on top of the basketball with a big red slash across his body, a magnifying glass with a red handle caught behind the person's ear, a giant green question mark with a large check in front of it on the handle of the magnifying glass, a big red sun creating a red glow on the top of the question mark, an archery target with a red slash across it caught in the sun's rays, an arrow sticking out the top of the target, a green plus sign balanced on the center of the shaft of the arrow, and a huge black rock on top of the plus sign.