Camilo José Cela

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Cela, Camilo José

 

Born May 11, 1916, in Padrón, La Corana Province. Spanish writer. Member of the Royal Spanish Academy (1957).

Cela studied law in Madrid and England. His novel The Family of Pascual Duarte (1942), which laid the foundations of tremendista literature (literature employing extensive gory detail for effect; from the Spanish tremendo—“horrible,” “terrible”), depicts everyday life in Spain during the Franco period, as does his first objectivist novel, The Hive (1943; published 1951). The New Adventures and Misadventures of Lazarillo de Termes (1944) was an attempt to revive the genre of the picaresque novel. Cela’s travel notes A Journey to the Alcarria (1948) had a considerable influence on Spanish objectivist prose.

Cela’s principal theme is the tragic condition of human beings in bourgeois society, a society whose bankruptcy Cela demonstrates. In such works as the collection of essays entitled The Wheel of Leisure (1957), the common people are presented as bearers of lofty moral qualities. Cela published A Sheaf of Fables Without Love (1962) in collaboration with P. Picasso. The novel The Eve, Day, and Octave of the Feast of St. Camilo, Madrid 1936 expresses profound sympathy for the victims of the Civil War of 1936–39.

WORKS

Obra completa, vols. 1–6. Madrid [1962–68].
Los viejos amigos, vols. 1–2. Barcelona, 1960.
Diccionario secreto, vol. 1. Madrid-Barcelona, 1968.
Al servicio de algo. Madrid-Barcelona [1969].
In Russian translation:
Apel’siny—zimnie plody. [Foreword by O. Savich.] Mosow, 1965.
Short stories in the collection Ispanskaia novella XX veka. [Moscow, 1965.]
Sem’ia Paskualia Duarte; Ulei; Povesti i rasskazy. [Foreword by I. Terterian.] Moscow, 1970.

REFERENCES

Iasnyi, V. K. Begstvo v deistvitel’nost’. Moscow, 1971.
Terterian, I. Sovremennyi ispanskii roman (1939–1969). Moscow, 1972.
Ilie, P. La novelística de Camilo José Cela. Madrid [1963].
Kirsner, R. The Novels and Travels of Camilo José Cela. Chapel Hill, N.C.[1966].
Foster, D. W. Forms of the Novel in the Works of Camilo José Cela. Columbia, Mo. [1967].
McPheeters, D. W. Camile José Cela. New York [1969].

V. K. IASNYI

References in periodicals archive ?
Established in 1892 with headquarters in Madrid, SEK Group has nine schools located in Spain, France, Ireland and Qatar and Camilo Jose Cela University in Madrid.
1) Faculty of Education Sciences, Nursing and Physiotherapy, Laboratory of Kinesiology, Biomechanics and Ergonomics (KIBIOMER), University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain; (2) Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; (3) Faculty of Sport Sciences, University Camilo Jose Cela, Madrid, Spain; (4) Faculty of Education, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
Camilo Jose Cela, Spain) compares the perceptions and preconceptions of the Americas displayed in Naugragios, by 16th-century Spanish conquistador Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, and Of Plymouth Plantation, by the 17th-century Pilgrim leader William Bradford.
Retrato de Camilo Jose Cela gives the reader exactly what the title claims: one of the most interesting, complete and thought provoking portraits of Nobel prize winner Camilo Jose Cela.
En el caso de Bonet, ademas, la mencion de Camilo Jose Cela es especialmente significativa ya que, como se sabe, este novelista inaugura, con la obra La familia de Pascual Duarte (1943), un tipo de realismo hispanico, especialmente duro y cruel, que acentua siempre las partes mas sordidas y violentas de la realidad que se denomina "tremendismo".
Previous winners include Nobel laureates for literature Mario Vargas Llosa of Peru and the late Spaniard Camilo Jose Cela, who won the Nobel in 1989.
Malha has been excluded from classes at Camilo Jose Cela School in Madrid after being told that her hijab was in violation of the school dress code.
Cures his homesickness with Spanish literature and is a fan of Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Camilo Jose Cela.
Any short-story writer who has some appreciation for these authors will never read Camilo Jose Cela or Francisco Umbral yet will, indeed, read Julio Cortazar and Adolfo Bioy Casares, but in no way Cela or Umbral.
Like the densely branched and intricately sculpted shrub that Camilo Jose Cela takes for the title of his final novel, Boxwood is a complex adventure that weaves and branches through varying narratives, including traditional wisdom, folklore, history, superstition, seafarers' stories, and autobiography.
Nobel prizewinner and one of Spain's most distinguished authors, Camilo Jose Cela, has been accused by journalist Tomas Garcia Yebra of using ghostwriters for the majority of his career.
The first Spanair A321 was called Camilo Jose Cela in honor of the Nobel Prize winning Spanish novelist during its delivery ceremony on October 4, 2000.