Camorra


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Related to Camorra: Gomorrah, Cosa Nostra, yakuza, Gomorra

Camorra

(kəmôr`ə), Italian secret criminal association in Naples. Of controversial origin, it first came to light in 1830. Its activities spread by intimidation, blackmail, and bribery until Naples was controlled by it. The Camorra appears to have been used by the Bourbon rulers of Naples as a quasi-police network to crush opposition. Efforts to break the power of the Camorra, begun in the 1880s, culminated in the 1911 murder trial at which numerous members were convicted. The Camorra was suppressed and supplanted after Benito MussoliniMussolini, Benito
, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Early Career

His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher.
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's takeover in 1922.

Camorra

 

a secret society of bandits in southern Italy, similar to the Mafia. It became particularly widespread in the 18th century on the mainland part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It drew its members from among the déclassés of the towns and villages. It had an extensive network and its own hierarchy, laws, and jargon.

During the Bourbon Restoration (1815–60) it was used by the monarchy to suppress antifeudal movements. After the unification of Italy, it became a tool of separatist groups in the south, which brought on governmental persecution and led to its decline at the turn of the century. Remnants of the camorristi formed gangs of extortioners, and the word has become synonymous in Italian with extortion and violence.

References in periodicals archive ?
Di Lauro, considered the head of one of the feuding factions within the Camorra, was arrested in Secondigliano, a poor suburb of Naples which was part of his power base, Carabinieri paramilitary police said.
The Camorra mafia was in the spotlight recently following the killings of an Italian businessman and six African immigrants which prompted a police dragnet and sweeping arrests.
And even though our costs for gold production at our La Camorra Unit have risen from a year ago, our cash margin remains healthy because of the increase in the gold price.
Called Wooden Hands or Stumpy because he wore prosthetic devices after a homemade bomb blew his hands off a decade ago, Marino was allegedly a prominent member of the Scissionisti (or "secessionists") clan of the Camorra.
Many reports, based on evidence given by a former Camorra gang member, said that Scotti had died soon after his escape.
If Camorra wanted to pressurisee De Luca they would have sent him two men in double-breasted suits.
The secret criminal society known as the Camorra was formed in which city in about 1820?
Les Hautes Solitudes, Camorra, The French Conspiracy (L'Attentat), and The Wild Duck (Die Wildente).
However, Arena is a convicted Camorra assassin, serving a life sentence in a Tuscan jail for his part in gunning down three men on the streets of Naples 20 years ago.
Italy's Bloodiest Mafia (11pm) The Camorra crime syndicate of Naples has been active for more than a century.
Questa presentazione disorientante della realta mafiosa vuole andare al di la del ruolo prettamente passivo e voyeuristico del cinema hollywoodiano, alludendo quindi a una realta sfuggevole che nella maggioranza dei casi si presenta agli abitanti dei quartieri infestati dalla camorra come disorientante e incomprensibile.
The area is home of the Casalesi clan of the Neapolitan Camorra.