Camorra


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Related to Camorra: Gomorrah, Cosa Nostra, yakuza, Gomorra

Camorra

(kəmôr`ə), Italian secret criminal association in Naples. Of controversial origin, it first came to light in 1830. Its activities spread by intimidation, blackmail, and bribery until Naples was controlled by it. The Camorra appears to have been used by the Bourbon rulers of Naples as a quasi-police network to crush opposition. Efforts to break the power of the Camorra, begun in the 1880s, culminated in the 1911 murder trial at which numerous members were convicted. The Camorra was suppressed and supplanted after Benito MussoliniMussolini, Benito
, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Early Career

His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher.
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's takeover in 1922.

Camorra

 

a secret society of bandits in southern Italy, similar to the Mafia. It became particularly widespread in the 18th century on the mainland part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It drew its members from among the déclassés of the towns and villages. It had an extensive network and its own hierarchy, laws, and jargon.

During the Bourbon Restoration (1815–60) it was used by the monarchy to suppress antifeudal movements. After the unification of Italy, it became a tool of separatist groups in the south, which brought on governmental persecution and led to its decline at the turn of the century. Remnants of the camorristi formed gangs of extortioners, and the word has become synonymous in Italian with extortion and violence.

References in periodicals archive ?
The vast majority of children from poor families are faced with the choice of working in the black economy or joining the ranks of the Camorra.
Sull'onda, sempre piU montante nel secondo Ottocento, del ritrarre dal vero la citta e la camorra (Sabbatino, 2007),' Roberto Bracco e Salvatore Di Giacomo compiono un percorso comune, in particolare negli anni Novanta dell'Ottocento, come dimostrano Don Pietro Caruso e A San Francisco, con qualche incrocio e alcune differenze, che permettono di disegnare i rispettivi profili e di interpretare le diverse letture della storia.
There he was discovered by Matteo Garrone, 43, a director who achieved international success with 'Gomorrah', a grim portrayal of the Camorra mafia of Naples which won the Grand Prix at Cannes in 2008.
Riuscira Pasquale a lavorare per i cinesi senza che la Camorra lo sappia?
He was the last big fugitive lieutenant of convicted Camorra boss Francesco Schiavone, who is believed to control the Casalesi clan from behind bars.
The Naples prosecution office said that several Casalesi hit men who gave evidence after their arrest helped reveal Ucciero's alleged links to the Camorra.
The rise of Mussolini's Fascism and the regime's attempt to bolt a new kind of corruption over the traditional dominance of the Mafia-like Camorra underworld is trapping long-suffering Neapolitans between a rock and a very hard place.
Centring on the theme of corruption, it highlights the influence of the Camorra syndicate on the lives of the innocent.
He is believed to be one of the heads of the Nuvoletta clan of the Camorra, which operates in the Naples region.
Salvatore Russo, a Camorra crime syndicate boss had been convicted of several murders and sentenced to life.
Their family are a clan of the Camorra, in Naples - gangsters far more ruthless than Sicily''s Mafia.
Their family are a clan of the Camorra in Naples - gangsters far more ruthless than Sicily's Mafia.