Camp David accords

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Camp David accords,

popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 and Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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, with U.S. President Jimmy CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.

Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
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 signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was denounced by other Arab states, Israel agreed to return the SinaiSinai
, triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia.
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 to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, but virtually no progress was made on this issue until the 1990s.

Bibliography

See L. Wright, Thirteen Days in September (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
Omar al-Shal, the founder of Egypt's popular movement and a prominent Egyptian judge told FNA in an exclusive interview in Cairo in mid October that annulling the treaty with Israel would allow Egyptians once again to gain control over the Sinai desert, because the Camp David Accord distances Cairo from its key role in the region, especially as with regard to the Palestinian issue.
Omar al-Shal, the founder of Egypt's popular movement and a prominent Egyptian judge told FNA in an exclusive interview in Cairo in Mid-October that annulling the treaty with Israel would allow Egyptians once again to gain control over the Sinai desert, because the Camp David Accord distances Cairo from its key role in the region, especially as with regard to the Palestinian issue.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A prominent Egyptian politician and judge, who played a major role in the recent revolution in Egypt, called for the annulment of the Camp David Accord, cautioning that the treaty with Israel has distanced Cairo from its key role in the region.
A quarter century after the Camp David Accord, a film released this week in Cairo shows that Egyptians' uneasiness over peace with Israel dies hard.
He blamed the Camp David Accord with Israel for such security challenges, and said the agreement calls for the reduction of Egyptian forces along borders so it can create security challenges like what happened on Sunday.
The Camp David Accord was not welcomed in most of the Middle East at the time and is still opposed by many people.
The document begins with the assumption that the Camp David accord with Egypt, and the Oslo Agreement with the PLO have created a historic platform for dialogue between what the document calls the "Jewish national movement in the land of Israel," and the "national movement of the Arabs OF [emphasis added] the land of Israel.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian students in a letter sent to Egyptian President Mohammed Mursi on Tuesday called for his firm and explicit stance against the Zionist regime, the Camp David Accord and the US.
Mursi said in an exclusive interview with FNA hours before the official announcement of his win in the election that materialization of the rights of the Palestinian people is highly crucial, and stressed the necessity for revising the Camp David Accord with Israel.
Egyptians, particularly Islamists and the opposition, frequently call for terminating the Camp David Accord, and many believe reaching peace with the Jewish state was wrong.
According to Mustafa, the Egyptian media, which are controlled by nationalists and Islamists, consider the 1978 Camp David Accord, through which Egypt's then President Anwar al-Sadat signed peace with Israel, "a shameful moment in the history of Egypt.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Egypt's first democratically-elected President Mohammed Mursi underlined the importance of materializing the rights of the Palestinian people, and stressed the necessity for revising the Camp David Accord with Israel.