Camp David accords

(redirected from Camp David Agreements)

Camp David accords,

popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 and Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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, with U.S. President Jimmy CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.

Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
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 signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was denounced by other Arab states, Israel agreed to return the SinaiSinai
, triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia.
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 to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, but virtually no progress was made on this issue until the 1990s.

Bibliography

See L. Wright, Thirteen Days in September (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
The concept of normalisation emerged at the 1979 Camp David agreements signed by Egypt and Israel.
Dr Mursi said as long as peace and justice were not fulfilled for the Palestinians, the treaty remained unfulfilled and the US had a responsibility because it sponsored and signed Camp David agreements.
Hints of possible Israeli intervention in Sinai could intensify tension between the Bedouin and the Egyptian government, as well as put the fate of the Camp David agreements at risk.
The international peacekeeping force maintains a vigil in the Sinai under authority of the 1978 Camp David agreements between Egypt and Israel.
The Likudniks also attacked the Egyptian politician Ayman Nour, who is a former colleague and the former head of Al-Hayat's bureau in Cairo, after he said that the Camp David agreements have ended with the end of Mubarak's regime.
Other than the Jimmy Carter-mediated Camp David agreements in 1978 and the disengagement accords negotiated by Henry Kissinger in the mid-1970s, major American-mediated peace efforts have been a recurring failure (consequently, many people question why someone like Dennis Ross continues to hold important positions related to Middle East policy, when his track record has been defined by colossal failure).
The first was concluded under the Camp David agreements between Egypt and Israel in 1978.
He was one of the main negotiators for the Helsinki, Maastricht, and Camp David agreements.
The Camp David agreements were grossly unjust and Arafat showed courage to walk away, the figure of Barak now visibly a lame duck within the pathetic Israeli 'left'.
When the Camp David Agreements and Egypt's Peace Treaty were signed the Arab League decided to put an economic and political embargo on Egypt.
Instead, we followed the Camp David agreements and the Madrid conference that ratified them and opted for a five-year interim agreement during which a temporary Palestinian entity was to have come into existence.
After the Palestinian revolution was moved from Jordan to Lebanon, the cumulative effects of this led to turning Lebanon into an arena (literally) for settling accounts between Arabs, as well as between the Arabs and Israel, especially after Egyptian President Anwar Sadat signed the Camp David agreements and Israel attempted to monopolize the Syrian front.