Camp David accords

(redirected from Camp David Peace Accords)

Camp David accords,

popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 and Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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, with U.S. President Jimmy CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.

Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
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 signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was denounced by other Arab states, Israel agreed to return the SinaiSinai
, triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia.
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 to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, but virtually no progress was made on this issue until the 1990s.

Bibliography

See L. Wright, Thirteen Days in September (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
The 1978 Camp David peace accords between Israel and Egypt have until now been a cornerstone of Washington's military aid to Egypt.
As guarantor of the 1978 Camp David peace accords between Israel and Egypt, Washington has fed Egyptian generals top US hardware, including battle tanks, F-16 warplanes and helicopters.
Egypt has been receiving aid annually from the United States under the Camp David Peace accords but under the terms of the agreement, the aid depreciates by five percent every year.
Now, at last, he tells the story of his incredible life, imparting the wit, wisdom and unvarnished truths of a self-made millionaire gadfly who has had a profound impact on the last half-century -- from his invention of the open-air garage to his behind-the-scenes role at the Camp David peace accords to his brief but pivotal ownership of the New York Post to his $1 million offer to Paula Jones that ultimately saved Bill Clinton's presidency.
As a member of the Carter administration, Saunders helped broker the Camp David Peace Accords.
Egypt, being the initiator of peace between the Arab world and Israel, feels a very strong responsibility for this peace process to expand and go forward," explained El Sayed, referring to the 1979 Camp David peace accords that ended 30 years of war between the two enemies.
Egypt also grants the US military over-flight rights and is Israel's partner in the Camp David peace accords.
Carter, a broker of the 1978 Camp David peace accords between Egypt and Israel, won the Nobel Peace Prize for his conflict mediation as president and since he left office.
The Palestine Question, a Jordanian high school textbook written by a former minister of education, Thoukan al Hindawi, condemns the creation of Israel in no uncertain terms and calls the Camp David peace accords "unfortunate".
The Camp David peace accords negotiated by President Carter were eroded by Israel's Likud government.
The three conditions are for the government to confirm its commitments to the Camp David Peace Accords, to ensure higher security at US embassies and consulates, and "to bring stability to Egypt by ending its systematic exclusion and silencing of all official minority political opposition.