Camp David accords

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Camp David accords,

popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C. by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem BeginBegin, Menachem
, 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree.
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 and Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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, with U.S. President Jimmy CarterCarter, Jimmy
(James Earl Carter, Jr.), 1924–, 39th President of the United States (1977–81), b. Plains, Ga, grad. Annapolis, 1946.

Carter served in the navy, where he worked with Admiral Hyman G. Rickover in developing the nuclear submarine program.
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 signing as a witness. Under the pact, which was denounced by other Arab states, Israel agreed to return the SinaiSinai
, triangular peninsula, c.23,000 sq mi (59,570 sq km), NE Egypt. It is c.230 mi (370 km) long and 150 mi (240 km) wide and extends north into a broad isthmus linking Africa and Asia.
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 to Egypt, a transfer that was completed in 1982. In a joint letter the two nations also agreed to negotiate Palestinian autonomy measures in the Israeli-occupied West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 and Gaza StripGaza Strip
, (2007 pop. 1,416,543) rectangular coastal area, c.140 sq mi (370 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea adjoining Egypt and Israel, in what was formerly SW Palestine, now officially administered by the Palestinian Authority.
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, but virtually no progress was made on this issue until the 1990s.

Bibliography

See L. Wright, Thirteen Days in September (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
Al-Ayyam daily highlighted the letter by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to Egypt, demanding from it to withdraw the tanks it recently brought into the Sinai desert without prior coordination with Israel as required by the Camp David peace agreement between the two countries.
Mursi has also promised to construct "a modern, constitutional" state and to honor international treaties, including the Camp David peace agreement with Israel.
the Egyptian natural gas that is sold to Tel Aviv at reduced prices, depriving the Egyptian people of its revenues, before we arrive at the option of canceling the Camp David peace agreement.
The Camp David peace agreement was signed between Egypt and Israel in 1978 during the ruling of Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat.
Hawary said he started visiting Israel in the early 1980s, not long after Egypt's Camp David peace agreement with Israel.
He is a historic figure, we are told, involved in the groundbreaking Camp David Peace Agreement between Egypt's President Anwar Sadat and Israel's Prime Minister Menachim Begin.
Jimmy Carter's main success, the Camp David peace agreement, took place near the end of his second year in office.
There is little doubt that the Camp David peace agreement is becoming somewhat of an embarrassment to the Egyptians due to Israel's aggressive war against Lebanon that robbed the lives of 1,200 civilians, its 22-day-long bombardment of Gaza leaving 1,400 dead and an almost two-year-long Israeli siege of the Gaza Strip that has impoverished its 1.
They say that the US-brokered Camp David peace agreement between Egypt and Israel, signed in 1978, signaled the end of independent Egyptian foreign policymaking and Cairo's historic role as regional arbiter.
The 1979 Camp David peace agreement with Israel imposes limits on the number of troops Egypt can have in the desert peninsula and their movements.
Aa Iran cut its diplomatic relations with Egypt following late president Anwar Sadat's signing of the Camp David peace agreement with Israel in 1979.
In early January, the president's Havana negotiators sat down for a closed-door meeting with four special guests: William Uri, a US mediation expert from Harvard University; Joaqum Villalobos, a former Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN) guerrilla who helped negotiate El Salvador's 1992 peace accords and has since become an outspoken critic of all leftist groups in Latin America; Jonathan Powell, a former British Cabinet chief who helped broker the peace deal with the Irish Republican Army (IRA); and Shlomo Ben Ami of Israel, an ex-foreign minister who played a leading role in the 1978 Camp David peace agreements with Egypt.