Campbell


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Campbell

(kăm`bəl), Scottish noble family, the head of which is the duke of Argyll. The Campbells of Lochow (Lochawe) rose to power in W Scotland in the later Middle Ages. In 1445, Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow (d. 1453) received the title of Baron Campbell, and his grandson Colin Campbell (d. 1493), 2d Baron Campbell, was created 1st earl of Argyll in 1457. In the succeeding century the earls of Argyll played an ever more prominent role in Scottish affairs. Archibald Campbell (d. 1558), 4th earl of Argyll, became one of the leading Protestant lords of the congregation. Even more important, however, was his son Archibald Campbell, 5th earl of ArgyllArgyll, Archibald Campbell, 5th earl of,
1530–73, Scottish statesman. He and Lord James Stuart (later earl of Murray) became followers of John Knox in 1556 and led the troops of the Scottish Protestants, the lords
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, also a lord of the congregation, who was deeply involved in the upheavals of the reign of Mary Queen of Scots. He was succeeded by his half-brother, Colin Campbell (d. 1584), 6th earl of Argyll, who was in turn succeeded by his son Archibald Campbell (1575–1638), 7th earl of Argyll. The 7th earl became a Roman Catholic and in 1619 surrendered management of his estates to his son Archibald Campbell, 8th earl and 1st marquess of ArgyllArgyll, Archibald Campbell, 8th earl of and 1st marquess of,
1607–61, Scottish statesman.
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. The 8th earl and his son Archibald Campbell, 9th earl of ArgyllArgyll, Archibald Campbell, 9th earl of,
1629?–1685, Scottish nobleman; son of the 8th earl. An ardent and active royalist and a Protestant, he opposed extreme measures against the Covenanters, thereby incurring
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, were the most powerful Presbyterian nobles in Scotland during the tumultuous events of the 17th cent.; both were executed for treason. Archibald Campbell, the 10th earl, finally managed to regain the family estates and was created (1701) 1st duke of ArgyllArgyll, Archibald Campbell, 1st duke of
, d. 1703, Scottish nobleman; eldest son of the 9th earl of Argyll. Having unsuccessfully sought favor with James II in order to recover the estates forfeited by his father, he
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. He and, more especially, his kinsman John Campbell, 1st earl of BreadalbaneBreadalbane, John Campbell, 1st earl of
, 1635?–1717, Scottish nobleman. He took part in the royalist rising of 1654 and helped George Monck to further the restoration (1660) of Charles II.
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, have been blamed (possibly unjustly) for the massacre (1692) of the MacDonalds of Glencoe by Campbell soldiers. John Campbell, 2d duke of ArgyllArgyll, John Campbell, 2d duke of,
1678–1743, Scottish general; son of the 1st duke, whom he succeeded in 1703. For his ardent support of the union of England and Scotland he was created (1705) earl of Greenwich.
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, and his brother Archibald Campbell, 3d duke of ArgyllArgyll, Archibald Campbell, 3d duke of,
1682–1761, Scottish nobleman; brother of the 2d duke. As lord high treasurer of Scotland (1705) and a commissioner for the union (1706), he helped negotiate the union (1707)
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, kept the family in the forefront of Scottish affairs. The 3d duke, however, died without legitimate issue, and the succession passed to a cadet branch of the family, the Campbells of Mamore. Of subsequent holders of the title the most prominent were George Douglas Campbell (1823–1900), 8th duke of Argyll, who held a series of cabinet positions, the most important as secretary of state for India in William Gladstone's first ministry (1868–74); and John Douglas Sutherland Campbell (1845–1914), 9th duke of Argyll, who married Princess Louise, daughter of Queen Victoria, and was governor-general of Canada (1878–83).

Campbell,

city (1990 pop. 36,048), Santa Clara co., W Calif., in the fertile Santa Clara valley; founded 1885, inc. 1952. The city's economy, formerly tied to fruit and vegetable processing, is now based on the computer industry.

Campbell

1. Sir Colin, Baron Clyde. 1792--1863, British field marshal who relieved Lucknow for the second time (1857) and commanded in Oudh, suppressing the Indian Mutiny
2. Donald. 1921--67, English water speed record-holder
3. Sir Malcolm, father of Donald Campbell. 1885--1948, English racing driver and land speed record-holder
4. Mrs Patrick, original name Beatrice Stella Tanner. 1865-- 1940, English actress
5. Roy. 1901--57, South African poet. His poetry is often satirical and includes The Flaming Terrapin (1924)
6. Thomas. 1777--1844, Scottish poet and critic, noted particularly for his war poems Hohenlinden and Ye Mariners of England
References in periodicals archive ?
Since then, Campbell has assigned several environmental studies of the area, even after his own department advised him that he was overdoing it.
Two flavorful international experiences sparked a passion for tea in Lisa Campbell.
FOR HIS TIRELESS EFFORTS on behalf of the CPA profession, Congressman John Campbell is CalCPA's 2006 Distinguished Service Award winner.
Born in Chicago, Campbell is the daughter of a Rockette who taught her that breeding and fashion matter.
And a song is salvation for the prisoner Campbell shows gazing through the bars at the "Free World"
Campbell Hall quarterback Zachary Kaplan was intercepted at midfield on the last play of the first quarter by Rio Hondo linebacker John Collins.
Over the past two decades, Bebe Moore Campbell has written several fiction and nonfiction books, numerous articles and a play.
Campbell was another step for the court in determining when punitive damages may be excessive.
For all his uncharacteristic stances, however, Campbell is far from a progressive purist.
The recent novels by Bebe Moore Campbell and Gita Brown illustrate the variegated richness of contemporary African American women's writing.
21 /PRNewswire/ -- Campbell Soup Company (NYSE: CPB) announced today that its Board of Directors has elected the heads of three of its major international businesses as officers of the company in a move further emphasizing the company's "Global Crusade.
Campbell conceded that the earnings on both IRAs were includible in his 1991 gross income.