Canada Act

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Canada Act,

also called the Constitutional Act of 1982, which made Canada a fully sovereign state. The British Parliament approved it on Mar. 25, 1982, and Queen Elizabeth II proclaimed it on Apr. 17, 1982. When Quebec residents voted (May, 1980) in a referendum not to seek sovereignty, Prime Minister Trudeau moved to create an amended constitution. The final document, agreed upon in Nov., 1981, by the federal government and every province except Quebec, combines the British North America ActBritish North America Act,
law passed by the British Parliament in 1867 that provided for the unification of the Canadian provinces into the dominion of Canada. Until 1982 the act also functioned as the constitution of Canada.
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 of 1867, subsequent amendments to that act by the British Parliament, and new material resulting from 18 months of intense negotiations between federal and provincial powers. It contains a Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which guarantees 34 rights including religious freedom, minority language education, and cultural tolerance. The Charter contains a clause which allows many rights to be overridden in federal or provinical legislatures by a "notwithstanding clause." Other parts of the Act recognize native treaty rights, increase the power provinces have over their natural resources, and provide an amendment formula, which requires approval of two-thirds (seven) of the provinces and 50% of the country's population. Quebec's attempts to oppose the Canada Act ended in Dec., 1982, when its claim to constitutional veto was rejected by the Supreme Court of Canada. Negotiations with Quebec continued with the Meech Lake AccordMeech Lake Accord,
set of constitutional reforms designed to induce Quebec to accept the Canada Act. The Accord's five basic points, proposed by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa, include a guarantee of Quebec's special status as a "distinct society" and a commitment to Canada's
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, which failed in 1990, and with subsequent federal initiatives.
References in periodicals archive ?
3) Being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11 [Constitution Act, 1982].
16) Subsection 52(2) of the Act, however, states that "[t]he Constitution of Canada includes (a) the Canada Act 1982 [the British statute which added the Constitution Act, 1982 to the Constitution of Canada], including this Act; (b) the Acts and orders referred to in the schedule; and (c) any amendment to any Act or order referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).
There are some who have tried to argue that, since the enactment of the Canada Act 1982, no law of the United Kingdom Parliament can extend to Canada as part of its law and that, therefore, the United Kingdom Succession to the Throne Bill cannot apply to Canada and our Canadian bill has no effect.
How does the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Charter), the Constitution Act, 1982, Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11, relate to our current Constitution, the Constitution Act, 1867, 30 & 31 Victoria c 3 (UK)?
5) Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Part I of the Constitution Act, 1982, being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11.
16) Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, s7 Part I of the Constitution Act, 1982, being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11.
While the Canada Act 1982 consisted of only four sections, its ambitious purpose was to terminate the power of the British Parliament to legislate for Canada.
The Constitution Act, 1982 then went to Westminster, where the Canada Act 1982 became law March 29.
3) Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Part 1 of the Constitution Act, 1982, being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (U.
This difference may have been more pronounced prior to the Canada Act 1982.
3) This refers to the large body of case law and scholarly analysis surrounding the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Part I of the Constitution Act, 1982, being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11 [the Charter] and s 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982 (ibid).
Since 1982, sections 4 and 7(1) have been repealed by the adoption of the Canada Act 1982, (71) which patriated Canada's constitution.