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(vertebrate zoology)
A family of carnivorous mammals in the superfamily Canoidea, including dogs and their allies.



a family of mammals of the order Carnivora. Canids range in length from 50 cm (small foxes) to 160 cm (wolf). The head is elongated, the muzzle is pointed, and the ears are erect. The tail is long and bushy. The forepaws have 5 toes, and the hind paws, four. The nails are blunt and nonretractile. The thick fur is usually fluffy and varies in coloration.

Canids comprise 14 (or 12) genera, embracing 29 species. They are widespread on all the continents except Antarctica. The USSR is the habitat of 5 genera, with the following eight species: the raccoon dog, wolf, jackal, arctic fox, Old World red fox, corsac fox, gray hoary fox, and Asiatic wild dog. Canids inhabit various types of terrain, living in burrows or dens. They feed primarily on animal substances, including carrion, but regularly eat plants as well. A single litter is produced per year, usually containing three or four blind offspring. (Occasionally a litter contains as many as 13 to 16 young.)

Most canids are hunted for their valuable fur (arctic fox. Old World red fox). A number of foxes, including the arctic fox, are raised in captivity (seeFUR FARMING). The greatest benefit of the mammals is that they destroy rodents that are agricultural pests. All domestic dog breeds belong to the family Canidae. Canids, especially the wolf, often kill useful mammals and birds, including domestic animals.


Novikov, G. A. Khishchnye mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA, Bonferroni post-hoc test, GLM procedure) was applied to explore intraspecific differences in consumption of fresh biomass of preys (arcsin transformed %B for both canids as dependent variables, season and year as fixed factors and weighed by food types).
All infected wild canids were in the north region, where most human blastomycosis cases (61%; 188/309) originated during 1994-2003 (2).
38-43, IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland, 2004.
A genome-wide perspective on the evolutionary history of enigmatic wolf-like canids.
Morphological comparison of canid skulls now leads Shipman and some other paleoanthropologists to believe that dogs first became genetically and behaviorally distinct from wolves 36,000 years ago.
These targeted areas can be better identified by more frequent epidemiological surveys of the extent and location of epizoonoses in domestic and wild canids, and by more frequent mosquito microfilarial surveys.
granulosus, whose definitive host is a wild canid such as a wolf (Canis lupis) or coyote (C.
He said research results during the first trial of the project show that the rabies isolated from kudus is different to the strains found in canids.
The researchers found that this fossil, named the 'Altai dog' after the mountains where it was recovered, is more closely related to modern dogs and prehistoric canids found on the American continents than it is to wolves.
Considering that the record location (UTM 21J 705532/6697171; datum SAD69) is near the urban area of Cacequi, RS state, the possibility of interrelation with domestic animals, mainly with other canids (e.