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Related to Canids: Felids, Mustelids, Canine family


(vertebrate zoology)
A family of carnivorous mammals in the superfamily Canoidea, including dogs and their allies.



a family of mammals of the order Carnivora. Canids range in length from 50 cm (small foxes) to 160 cm (wolf). The head is elongated, the muzzle is pointed, and the ears are erect. The tail is long and bushy. The forepaws have 5 toes, and the hind paws, four. The nails are blunt and nonretractile. The thick fur is usually fluffy and varies in coloration.

Canids comprise 14 (or 12) genera, embracing 29 species. They are widespread on all the continents except Antarctica. The USSR is the habitat of 5 genera, with the following eight species: the raccoon dog, wolf, jackal, arctic fox, Old World red fox, corsac fox, gray hoary fox, and Asiatic wild dog. Canids inhabit various types of terrain, living in burrows or dens. They feed primarily on animal substances, including carrion, but regularly eat plants as well. A single litter is produced per year, usually containing three or four blind offspring. (Occasionally a litter contains as many as 13 to 16 young.)

Most canids are hunted for their valuable fur (arctic fox. Old World red fox). A number of foxes, including the arctic fox, are raised in captivity (seeFUR FARMING). The greatest benefit of the mammals is that they destroy rodents that are agricultural pests. All domestic dog breeds belong to the family Canidae. Canids, especially the wolf, often kill useful mammals and birds, including domestic animals.


Novikov, G. A. Khishchnye mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
granulosus, whose definitive host is a wild canid such as a wolf (Canis lupis) or coyote (C.
Although canids can live in captivity, the majority of animals caught from the wild do not reach adulthood.
tropica has been sporadically reported from domestic dogs from human cutaneous leishmaniasis foci in Iran and Morocco (4,5) but not from wild canids.
The gray fox (Urocyon cinermargenteus) was more resistant to mange in the laboratory than other canids (Stone et al.
Additionally, rabies is also rare in bats, being found more often in terrestrial mammals such as canids and rodents
Because Lyme disease and anaplasmosis affect humans and dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), serosurveys of canids have proved useful for monitoring emergence of these infections.
In the past decade, researchers from the genetics labs at Trent and McMaster's universities in Ontario have conducted genetic analyses of canids from throughout the red and eastern wolf range, using various criteria to compare relatedness.
Echinococcus multilocularis is a zoonotic parasite in wild canids.
It makes far more sense that the first wild and willing canids domesticated by man were already dogs and that they evolved from ancient wolves, or a common ancestor, well before any association with humans.
We describe the identification, isolation, and infection of a novel amdoparvovirus in canids, which represents a new viral species (C.
For sympatric canids, the threat of such predation appears to have important behavioral effects in a variety of communities (e.
WZ 148 and WT 6 have substantial amounts of faunal material belonging predominantly to red deer, tortoise, and gazelle species, along with smaller numbers of other antilopines, auroch, ibex, canids and wild caprines.