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(pushkari), a name for Russian artillerymen in the 16th and 17th centuries that came into general use in the first half of the 16th century.

The cannoneers belonged to the sluzhilye liudi (military service class) and were subordinate to the Pushkarskii Prikaz (Cannoneer Prikaz). Cannoneer service was hereditary. Members of other estates were required to post guarantees before admittance into the service. The cannoneers lived in the cities, where they usually occupied special slobody (tax-exempt settlements). They were paid in kind, in money, and sometimes also in land. The cannoneers were also involved in crafts and trade. The cannoneer service was abolished in the late 17th century and replaced by what were called regiments of the new order.


Chernov, A. V. Vooruzhennye sily russkogo gosudarstva v XV-XVII vv. Moscow, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
Whether it was the cannons of the Hudson's Bay Company guarding their forts on the Bay coast, or the guns of the Dominion that accompanied Wolseley and his men, it was cannon and cannoneers from abroad that shaped the fortunes of Manitoba.
Three or four cannoneers had been shot at their posts and several wounded, and every shot of the enemy was dealing destruction on either man .
How the Jefferson Lady Cannoneers Drill on their Defense-to-Offense Transition Situations
Frequently cannons burst when they were fired, resulting in the deaths of many cannoneers and shortening not a few foundry careers.
Among his books are The Land of Haunted Castles (1921), The Cannoneers Have Hairy Ears (1927), Baghdad and Points East (1928), Cambodian Quest (1931), I Can't Forget (1941), Torpedo Junction (1942), Such Interesting People (1943), This Is Where I Came In (1945), Battle Below: The War of the Submarines (1945), More Interesting People (1947), The Black Hills and Their Incredible Characters (1949), The Texas Border and Some Borderliners (1950), Chicago Medium Rare (1952), and Give the Man Room (a life of Gutzon Borglum, 1952, with Mary Borglum).
Fire Mission: American Cannoneers Defeating the German Army in Worm War II.
There he mounted his cannoneers to form a horse battery with six guns that "became celebrated in the annals of the Army of the Potomac" because of its rapid and witheringly accurate fire against the enemy.