Canossa


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Canossa

(känôs`sä), village, in Emilia-Romagna, N central Italy, in the Apennines. There are ruins of the 10th-century castle of the powerful feudal family that took its name from the place. In the 10th and 11th cent. they ruled over much of Tuscany and Emilia. MatildaMatilda,
1046–1115, countess of Tuscany, called the Great Countess; supporter of Pope Gregory VII in the papal conflict with the Holy Roman emperors. Ruling over Tuscany and parts of Emilia-Romagna and Umbria, she controlled the most powerful feudal state in central Italy.
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, countess of Tuscany, was the last of the family. In Jan., 1077, the castle was the scene of penance done by Emperor Henry IVHenry IV,
1050–1106, Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105) and German king (1056–1105), son and successor of Henry III. He was the central figure in the opening stages of the long struggle between the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy.
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 to obtain from Pope Gregory VII the withdrawal of the excommunication against him. The pope was Matilda's guest at the castle, and Henry is said to have stood three days barefoot in the snow before being admitted to the pope's presence. Henry was absolved, but the peace between him and the pope was short-lived. The political implications of this episode inspired Bismarck to coin the phrase "to go to Canossa" (i.e., to submit to the demands of the Roman Catholic Church) in the Kulturkampf.

Canossa

 

a castle in northern Italy, 18 km from the city of Reggio nell’Emilia. The castle was the scene of a famous incident that occurred during the investiture struggle: the meeting in January 1077 between Pope Gregory VII (a guest of Countess Matilda of Tuscany, the owner of the castle) and Henry IV, the excommunicated and deposed German emperor. According to some chronicles, Henry IV, dressed as a penitent sinner, stood for three days at the walls of the castle awaiting reception by the pope. The expression “to go to Canossa” came to mean a humiliating capitulation (although the “going” to Canossa of HenryIV was actually only a political maneuver).

Canossa

site of Henry IV’s submission to Pope Gregory VII (1077). [Eur. Hist.: Grun, 140]
References in periodicals archive ?
A sampling: speech and writing in the Gospels of Matilda of Canossa, the manipulation of devotional technologies, the miracles of the crib at Greccio, reflections on a poor sinner's cross in Heilbronn (1514), Eleanor of Castile and the New Jerusalem , and church treasures and political claims in the Mark Brandenburg.
This week, a full house at Cairo Jazz Club grooved along to Paolo Palopoli's Mediterranean-influenced Neapolitan jazz/funk fusion, Jordanian acoustic rock band SALAM, and DJ Masters @ Funk and percussionist Seif Khirfan at Solidarity of Sounds, a benefit concert organized in cooperation with Italian NGO Voica World and the Canossa Centers.
EXCOMMUNICATION WAS ONCE CONSIDERED A PASSE feature of the ancient church, conjuring up images of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV walking barefoot in the snow in 1077 to Canossa to seek the mercy of Pope Gregory VII.
Summary: In January 1077, King Henry IV walked to Canossa.
Until that happens, he will be left standing at the gate of Canossa.
In 1077, the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV made penance and humble submission to Pope Gregory VII in the Italian village of Canossa an act that became the symbol of contrition and humiliation.
Jumblatt can't stand alone against Syria, hence his looming visit to Damascus, or Canossa.
The skywalk will affect the smooth functioning of Canossa High School for Girls, which also runs a night school, as there will be neither privacy nor safety from curious onlookers.
He posited the descent of the Buonarroti family from the noble Counts of Canossa (close to the German Emperor Henry II) in order to establish the family's noble heritage.
Immigration attorney Hector Ortega of Ortega, Canossa and Associates in Los Angeles said he's seen a rush of business in the past two weeks as immigrants try to get their applications in before the end of the month.
Although Ludovico Canossa and Gaspar Pallavicino cannot agree upon whether the ideal courtier should be of noble birth or not, it is interesting that both men place great emphasis on the beauty of the courtier.
Blumenthal, Gregor VII: Papst zwischen Canossa und Kirchenreform (Darmstadt: Primus, 2001).