Canossa


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Canossa

(känôs`sä), village, in Emilia-Romagna, N central Italy, in the Apennines. There are ruins of the 10th-century castle of the powerful feudal family that took its name from the place. In the 10th and 11th cent. they ruled over much of Tuscany and Emilia. MatildaMatilda,
1046–1115, countess of Tuscany, called the Great Countess; supporter of Pope Gregory VII in the papal conflict with the Holy Roman emperors. Ruling over Tuscany and parts of Emilia-Romagna and Umbria, she controlled the most powerful feudal state in central Italy.
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, countess of Tuscany, was the last of the family. In Jan., 1077, the castle was the scene of penance done by Emperor Henry IVHenry IV,
1050–1106, Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105) and German king (1056–1105), son and successor of Henry III. He was the central figure in the opening stages of the long struggle between the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy.
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 to obtain from Pope Gregory VII the withdrawal of the excommunication against him. The pope was Matilda's guest at the castle, and Henry is said to have stood three days barefoot in the snow before being admitted to the pope's presence. Henry was absolved, but the peace between him and the pope was short-lived. The political implications of this episode inspired Bismarck to coin the phrase "to go to Canossa" (i.e., to submit to the demands of the Roman Catholic Church) in the Kulturkampf.

Canossa

 

a castle in northern Italy, 18 km from the city of Reggio nell’Emilia. The castle was the scene of a famous incident that occurred during the investiture struggle: the meeting in January 1077 between Pope Gregory VII (a guest of Countess Matilda of Tuscany, the owner of the castle) and Henry IV, the excommunicated and deposed German emperor. According to some chronicles, Henry IV, dressed as a penitent sinner, stood for three days at the walls of the castle awaiting reception by the pope. The expression “to go to Canossa” came to mean a humiliating capitulation (although the “going” to Canossa of HenryIV was actually only a political maneuver).

Canossa

site of Henry IV’s submission to Pope Gregory VII (1077). [Eur. Hist.: Grun, 140]
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, the very famous proskinesis scene during the encounter at Canossa illustrated by Speranza on the frontal side of the sarcophagus reinforces the idea on Matilda's role in supporting papal preeminence.
La Matelda, identificata ad ora ad ora con Matilde di Canossa, con una fiorentinella di quelle della Vita Nuova, con un mero simbolo, potrebbe ragionevolmente essere identificata con Matilde di Hackeborn, autrice di un Liber specialis gratiae, in ragione delle sue doti di cantora.
Este sitio incluye un relato construido en torno a un personaje real, la hermana de la condesa italiana Matilde de Canossa, muerta tragicamente el dia de su boda, que se aparece en las ruinas de la fortaleza de la antigua ciudad de Livorno.
At the venue, they were received by the Dean of the Faculty of Law Professor Raul Canossa, Deputy Dean Lothian pathos and Director of International Relations of the University Ambary Grau.
Glass, "Leggendo il Genesi nelle sculture della cattedrale di Modena", en Matilde e il tesoro dei Canossa : tra castelli, monasteri e citta , Arturo Calzona (ed.
Count Ludovico da Canossa then cites classical precedents to refute the idea that the visual arts are "mechanical and ill-suited to a gentleman.
De Jong's conclusions cohere with Timothy Reuter's reinterpretation of Henry IV's penance at Canossa, a study she cites on several occasions.
VX) has named Gian Paolo Bardelli as head of its Italian unit, replacing current chief executive Stefano Canossa who is assuming charge of the Zurich-based bank's development projects.
In book 1, Count Lodovico da Canossa is chosen to describe the perfect courtier, and he identifies the essence of courtiership as "la grazia.
This week, a full house at Cairo Jazz Club grooved along to Paolo Palopoli's Mediterranean-influenced Neapolitan jazz/funk fusion, Jordanian acoustic rock band SALAM, and DJ Masters @ Funk and percussionist Seif Khirfan at Solidarity of Sounds, a benefit concert organized in cooperation with Italian NGO Voica World and the Canossa Centers.
EXCOMMUNICATION WAS ONCE CONSIDERED A PASSE feature of the ancient church, conjuring up images of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV walking barefoot in the snow in 1077 to Canossa to seek the mercy of Pope Gregory VII.
In an effort to help the next generation of voters understand the importance of civic engagement and transparent elections, Smartmatic made a donation to the Canossa Tondo Children Foundation Inc.