Cantharidae


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Related to Cantharidae: Cleridae, Meloidae, Tenebrionidae, Melyridae, Nitidulidae, Passalidae, Silphidae

Cantharidae

[kan′thar·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The soldier beetles, a family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Cantharoidea.

Cantharidae

 

a family of soft-bodied beetles having soft elytra. The body is up to 15 mm long; it is black, brown, yellow, or green with a metallic sheen. The antennae are generally filamentary. The beetles, which appear in early summer, are predators that lie in wait on flowers for their prey. The larvae are covered with soft hairs, which impart a velvety appearance. The larvae, which are also predators, are marked by extraintestinal digestion. They grasp their prey with their sharp jaws and release enzymes into it; this process liquefies the prey’s tissues so that they may be absorbed as food. On warm days wintering larvae may appear on the snow. There are approximately 3, 500 widely distributed species of Cantharidae. About 200 species, including the firefly Lampyrus noctiluca, are found in the USSR.

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Raley and Anderson (1990) also identified Cantharidae as a large proportion of beetles consumed by Wilson's Warblers.
Blattaria Blatellidae Parcoblatta fulvescens (Saussure & Zehnter) Coleoptera Cantharidae Polemius laticornis Say Chrysomelidae Caryobruchus gleditsiae (Linnaeus) ([dagger]) Hemisphaerota cyanea (Say) Neochlamisus insularis (Schaeffer) Unknown Coccinellidae Exochomus childreni (Mulsant) Lycidae Plateros flavoscutellatus Blatchley ([dagger]) Scarabaeidae Boreocanthon probus (Germar) Diplotaxis bidentata LeConte ([dagger]) Euphoria limbalis Fall ([dagger]) Hypotrichia spissipes LeConte * Onthophagus hecate blatchleyi Brown Phyllophaga elizoria Saylor * Phyllophaga elongata (Linell) * Serica frosti Dawson * Trigonopeltastes floridana (Casey) *([dagger]) Tenebrionidae Hymenorus sp.
Order Family Coleoptera Cantharidae Coccinellidae Lycidae Diptera Syrphidae Hemiptera Pentatomidae Reduviidae Hymenoptera Apidae Braconidae Chalcididae Formicidae Ichneumonidae Proctotrupidae Stephanidae Vespidae Neuroptera Chrysopidae Mantodea Mantidae Order Genus (species) #Plants (a) Coleoptera Chauliognathus 25 Azya orbigera Mulsant, Cycloneda san- 40 guinea L.
A few beetles in the families Lycidae, Cantharidae and Oedemeridae appear to aggregate for mating on saw palmetto inflorescences.