Valais

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Valais

(välā`), Ger. Wallis, canton (1993 pop. 262,400), 2,021 sq mi (5,234 sq km), S Switzerland. SionSion
, Ger. Sitten, town (1993 pop. 25,300), capital of Valais canton, SW Switzerland, on the Rhône River. An ancient town, Sion is now a wine and horticultural market center. There are hydroelectric plants and coal mines nearby.
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 is the capital. Bordering on France and Italy, the Valais extends from the Bernese Alps in the north to the Pennine Alps in the south, with the fertile upper Rhône valley between them. It has some of the highest peaks (Matterhorn, Dufourspitze, Dom, and Weisshorn) in Switzerland. It is a transportation hub, with an airport and 10 railways, which support an extensive tourist trade. Mainly a livestock-raising and agricultural canton, it is also known for its fine wines. The Valais has a well-developed hydroelectric system, which produces about 15% of Switzerland's power, and its industries produce metal products and chemicals. Zermatt is the largest of its numerous resorts and winter sports centers. Most of the population is French-speaking and Roman Catholic. Taken by the Romans in 57 B.C., the region later passed to the Burgundians and to the Franks. In 999, Rudolf III of Burgundy made the bishop of Sion lord of Valais, but the country later split, with the Lower Valais passing to Savoy. In 1475, the bishop of Sion and the communes of the Upper Valais, which had gained considerable autonomy, defeated the duke of Savoy, and from then until 1798 the Lower Valais was held in subjection by the Upper Valais. Made a canton of the Helvetic RepublicHelvetic Republic
, 1798–1803, Swiss state established under French auspices. In Sept., 1797, several exiled Swiss leaders in France (notably Frédéric César de La Harpe) formally urged the French Revolutionary government (the Directory) to help in
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 in 1798, an independent republic in 1802, and a French department in 1810, the Valais became a canton of the Swiss Confederation in 1815.

Valais

a canton of S Switzerland: includes the entire valley of the upper Rh?ne and the highest peaks in Switzerland; produces a quarter of Switzerland's hydroelectricity. Capital: Sion. Pop.: 281 000 (2002 est.). Area: 5231 sq. km (2020 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Forces Motrices de Fully SA operates a hydroelectric power station in the canton of Valais.
Chatelard Rosel: approximately 22 km, the Nant de Drance link, in the canton of Valais,
To raise the heartbeat further, there's also snowboarding, summer hiking, climbing and water skiing in the stunning canton of Valais.
The Libya-owned energy group said in January it was planning to close the refinery due to "severe market pressures," but the Canton of Valais said it had convinced Tamoil to give a sale one last chance before finalising the closure.
Vienna, Jumada I 2, 1436, Feb 21, 2015, SPA -- Three Italian skiers died after they were swept away by an avalanche in the Swiss Alps on Saturday, police in the canton of Valais said.
Ratiba Ayad, brand manager at Al Hikma, says the company handles the distribution of productions of Vinoderm, which are based in Pinot Noir, where high-quality red grape grow at the canton of Valais, at the foot of the Swiss Alps.
The picturesque Swiss village of Daillon lies just south of Wildhorn Mountain in the southern canton of Valais.
Two other people were wounded and hospitalised," said police in the canton of Valais, which borders Italy and France.
Reuters reported last week that the Swiss canton of Valais, best known for the "Toblerone mountain" and world-class ski resorts, in March published a list of 15 steps it said Tamoil should implement to clean up the 50-year old plant.
4 days, while the highest number of rooms is available in the country's canton of Valais region, which has around 836 beds on offer.
52 passengers were on board the bus when it crashed into the wall of a tunnel in the Swiss canton of Valais on Tuesday evening.