canyon

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Related to Canyons: Submarine Canyons

canyon

, cañon
a gorge or ravine, esp in North America, usually formed by the down-cutting of a river in a dry area where there is insufficient rainfall to erode the sides of the valley

canyon

See Mars, surface features; valley, lunar.

Canyon

 

a deep river valley with very steep, often perpendicular, walls and a narrow floor, usually completely occupied by theriverbed. One of the largest canyons in the world is the GrandCanyon of the Colorado River in the USA (length, over 320 km;depth, to 1, 800 m).

canyon

[′kan·yən]
(geography)
A chasm, gorge, or ravine cut in the surface of the earth by running water; the sides are steep and form cliffs.
References in classic literature ?
He was at the edge of another of those terrible canyons, the eighth he had crossed, whose precipitous sides would have taxed to the uttermost the strength of an untired man well fortified by food and water, and for the first time, as he looked down into the abyss and then at the opposite side that he must scale, misgivings began to assail his mind.
Out of it he had made a magnificent deer-park, where, over thousands of acres of sweet slopes and glades and canyons, the deer ran almost in primitive wildness.
Here the Dyea River became a rushing mountain torrent, plunging out of a dark canyon from the glaciers that fed it far above.
Some turn off from their voluntary pilgrimage down the Iss, and, scaling the awful walls of its canyon below us, stop in the valley.
As he moved with the throng in the parklike canyon of the thoroughfare the life of an awakening Martian city was in evidence about him.
The narrow canyon turned and twisted this way and that, and the rift was so small that they were able to touch both walls at the same time by stretching out their arms.
I have no idea, of course, how long it took me to reach the limit of the plain, but at last I entered the foothills, following a pretty little canyon upward toward the mountains.
They had entered a narrow canyon when Number Twelve went down beneath a half dozen parangs.
he turned in the saddle and looked back across the canyon at the ancient dump and dark mouth of the tunnel.
A quarter of a mile in either direction, looking out along the shallow canyon of the sand-hills, Dag Daughtry could see the sentry-boxes of the guards, themselves armed and more prone to kill than to lay hands on any escaping pest-man, much less persuavively discuss with him the advisability of his return to the prison house.
Victor pointed out a pathway that disappeared up a wild canyon, emerged on a steep bare lava slope, and thereafter appeared and disappeared, ever climbing, among the palms and flowers.
It was a noble valley, now shut in by high canyon walls, and again opening out into beautiful stretches, wide and long, with pasture shoulder-high in the bottoms, meadows dotted with flowers, and with clumps of timberspruce--virgin and magnificent.