Capablanca, José Raúl


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Capablanca, José Raúl

(hōsā` räo͞ol` käpäbläng`kä), 1888–1942, Cuban chess player, b. Havana. Champion of Cuba at the age of 12, he won the world's championship from Emanuel LaskerLasker, Emanuel
, 1868–1941, German chess player. He won the world championship in 1894 when he defeated Wilhelm Steinitz and held it until he was defeated by José Raúl Capablanca in 1921.
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 in 1921, retaining the title until he was defeated by Alexander AlekhineAlekhine, Alexander
, 1892–1946, Russian-French chess player, b. Moscow. He became a naturalized French citizen after the Russian Revolution. At the age of 16 he gained the rank of master and in 1927, by a surprising defeat of Capablanca at Buenos Aires, became world
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 in 1927. His game was almost free from false interpretations of position, and his technique, although facile, was highly refined.

Bibliography

See his My Chess Career (1920, rev. ed. 1966), Chess Fundamentals (1921, repr. 1967), A Primer of Chess (1935), and Capablanca's Last Chess Lectures (1967); H. Golombek, ed., Capablanca's Hundred Best Games of Chess (1947, repr. 1965).

Capablanca, José Raúl

 

(full name, José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera). Born Nov. 19, 1888, in Havana; died Mar. 8, 1942, in New York. Cuban chess player, world champion from 1921 to 1927.

Capablanca’s greatest successes were the victory over world champion E. Lasker and the first prize at international tournaments in San Sebastian (1911), London (1922), New York (1927), Moscow (1936), and Nottingham (1936), the last a tie with M. M. Botvinnik. Cuba has conducted international tournaments in Capablanca’s memory since 1962.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Moia shakhmatnaia kar’era. Moscow, 1926.
Osnovy shakhmatnoi igry. Moscow-Leningrad, 1930.
Uchebnik shakhmatnoi igry. Leningrad-Moscow, 1936.

REFERENCE

Panov, V. N. Kapablanka (Biografiia i 64 izbrannye partii). Moscow, 1960.
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