Capaneus ultimately kills the snake, a sign of his impietas and his theomachic impulses.
By evoking this scene with Turnus just before the impietas of Capaneus, Statius associates Hippomedon with the impietas of Capaneus and the furor of Turnus, who madly fights despite knowing his death is inevitable.
27) This seeming test of the river god also associates him with Capaneus, the contemptor superum ('one who shows contempt to the gods', 3.
The scene is reminiscent of one earlier, in which Capaneus fights Alcidamas in a boxing match in Book 6.
Wetherbee himself (2008: 167), in discussing the figure of Capaneus
, suggests how the characters' responsibility for their own choices, even when those choices end in death, is the source of their heroism: 'Statius provides ample grounds for Capaneus
' scorning of the gods, and hints at a grudging admiration for his refusal to obey the restraints of traditional cult, but recognizes that his courage will inevitably prove self-destructive.
The point is that justice is done according to the overriding desire of the particular soul, which is confirmed by a comment Virgil makes in canto XIV of the Inferno to Capaneus
, whose sin is blasphemy:
So, also, Hypsipyle's refusal to love anybody after Jason is as nothing compared with Evadne's reaction to the loss of Capaneus
X), continuing his analysis of pride also in the encounters with Capaneus
The essay on Inferno 14 offers a far more judicious account of the way in which Dante fuses biblical elements with classical myth in his presentation of Capaneus
and the Old Man of Crete.
This paper examines the lineages of the seven heroes against Thebes as given in the Thebaid: Adrastus, Polynices, Tydeus, Amphiaraus, Parthenopaeus, Hippomedon and Capaneus.
In the case of Hippomedon and Capaneus, no parentage is given, though Statius vaguely alludes to them having noble families.
59) Amphiaraus' patronymic occurs just before he prays to Jupiter seeking an omen for whether to set out to war; (60) Statius uses it after Capaneus questions his prophecy and suggests that he is merely a coward avoiding war out of self-interest.