Cape Breton Island

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Cape Breton Island,

island (1991 pop. 161,686), 3,970 sq mi (10,282 sq km), forming the northeastern part of N.S., Canada, and separated from the mainland by the narrow Gut, or Strait, of Canso. The easternmost point is called Cape Breton. The center of the island is occupied by the Bras d'Or salt lakes. Gently sloping in the south, the island rises to rugged hills in the wilder northern part. The inhabitants are mainly of Scottish Highlander descent. There are many summer resorts on the lakes and fishing villages on the coast. In the northeast are steelworks, once fueled by the extensive Sydney coal fields, which were worked from the 1720s to 2001.

The Cabot Trail, a scenic road through Cape Breton Highlands National Park, commemorates the discovery of Cape Breton Island in 1497 by John CabotCabot, John,
fl. 1461–98, English explorer, probably b. Genoa, Italy. He became a citizen of Venice in 1476 and engaged in the Eastern trade of that city. This experience, it is assumed, was the stimulus of his later explorations.
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. The island was a French possession from 1632 to 1763. After the Peace of Utrecht (1713) many Acadians migrated there from mainland Nova Scotia, which was ceded to the English. They renamed the island Île Royale and established the fortress at LouisburgLouisburg
, town (1991 pop. 1,261), E Cape Breton Island, N.S., Canada. The town, an ice-free port, is near the site of the great fortress of Louisbourg, built (1720–40) by France as its Gibraltar in America.
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. With the final cession of Canada to the British (1763), Cape Breton was attached to Nova Scotia. It was made a separate colony in 1784, with SydneySydney,
city (1991 pop. 26,063), Cape Breton Island, N.S., Canada, on the northeast coast at the head of the South Arm of Sydney Harbour. It is the port and the commercial, trade, and industrial center in a former coal-mining area.
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 as its capital, but was rejoined to Nova Scotia in 1820.


See history by R. J. Morgan (2 vol., 2008–9).

Cape Breton Island

an island off SE Canada, in NE Nova Scotia, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Canso: its easternmost point is Cape Breton. Pop.: 120 098 (1991). Area: 10 280 sq. km (3970 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
This work was done in the early days of geochronological work in Cape Breton Island, and the authors were much influenced by an Rb-Sr isochron using a range of rock types which indicated an age of about 446 Ma.
As part of the Chair, the institution developed a Centre for Cape Breton Studies to encourage and support research about Cape Breton Island.
Clair, the new Storyteller-inResidence participated in a workshop on the "storytelling tradition" at the Celtic Colours International Festival, the largest event on Cape Breton Island, an event that takes in most of the island's communities.
Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, had a summer place at Baddeck, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, and had founded the Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) in 1907 at nearby Halifax.
The Cabot Trail, on Cape Breton Island, is one of the world's most scenic drives.
Sustained, severe browsing in areas regenerating after spruce budworm outbreak may significantly inhibit future forest development and alter the well documented spruce budworm-balsam fir cyclic successional system of northern Cape Breton Island.
Dawn will set sail from Hull on September 13 taking in La Rochelle, Rio De Janeiro, Cape Town, Western Australia, San Francisco, the Panama Canal, Jamaica, New York and Cape Breton Island in Canada.
Located on Cape Breton Island, the tar ponds consist of tons of contaminated soil and sediment left over from 100 years of production as the Sydney Coke Ovens turned coal into coke, a key ingredient in steel production.
Canada's coal mining industry began on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia.
Lesser-known Celtic artists benefited from this exposure as well, especially those from areas with descendants rich in its heritage, such as Cape Breton Island in eastern Nova Scotia.
Thus, "Fashioned by Time" includes photos of glacial erratics in Norway, weathered granite in South Africa, chunks of basaltic lava in the Galapagos Islands rounded by Pacific surf, almost spherical boulders on a Cape Breton Island beach, and windblown sand grains in an ancient Newfoundland limestone.

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