Cape Colony

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Cape Colony:

see Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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Cape Colony


(Dutch Kaapkolonie, from Kaap de Goede Hoop), a Dutch and later an English possession in Southern Africa.

Cape Colony was founded in 1652 on the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch East India Company. In 1795 it was seized by Great Britain; from 1803 to 1806 it again came under the control of the Dutch, but in 1806 it was again captured by Great Britain. The Cape Colony territory continued to expand at the expense of the Africans’ lands (Bushmen, Hottentots, and Bantu). By 1894, after a number of aggressive wars waged by Boer and English colonizers (Kaffrarian wars), the Cape Colony’s eastern border had reached the Umtamvuna River. In 1895 the southern part of Bechuanaland, annexed in 1884—85, was included in the colony. Cape Colony was made a part of the Union of South Africa after the creation of the latter in 1910 (Republic of South Africa after 1961).


Walker, E. A. A History of Southern Africa, 3rd ed. London, 1959.

Cape Colony

the name from 1652 until 1910 of the former Cape Province of South Africa
References in periodicals archive ?
The OVS and ZAR, squeezed between the British-ruled Cape Colony to the south and west, Zululand to the east and Matabeleland and Bechuanaland to the north, were constantly fearful of native revolts.
Notwithstanding Bettina's current book-length project on marriage, inheritance and property in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the Cape Colony that charts family histories across generations and geographies, she and I co-authored a chapter that explores how British colonizers in the imperial parliament debated and defined race, demarcated colonists of French and British origin, and deliberated over what political rights (if any) ought to be conceded to those in the British colony of Lower Canada.
Prior to the development of asylums in the eastern regions of the Cape Colony, mentally ill patients were not only 'admitted' to jails but were also treated at general hospitals.
The history of slavery in the Cape Colony plays a large, if at times subliminal, part in early writing about food in the Cape, and Baderoon refers to local cook Cass Abrahams's thoughts in a 2002 interview when saying that the "contents, methods and rituals of "Cape Malay' food demonstrate its development under slavery .
1899-1902 In the Boer War, Britain defeats the Afrikaners (descendents of Dutch settlers) and takes full control of the Cape Colony.
As a result of European wars involving France, Holland and Britain, the Cape Colony had become a British possession by the early part of the 19th century.
Considering both the relationship of Cecil John Rhodes, formerly Prime Minister of the Cape Colony and finally imperialist par excellence, with the architect Sir Herbert Baker and the relationship between Baker's monumental buildings in Pretoria and New Delhi, Metcalf earlier wrote in an article in History Today (1986:12):
Scholars have expressed suripsingly little interest in examining the initial period of northerly expansion from the Cape Colony in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Cape Colony seems to save his best efforts for Kempton and can secure his third win in as many starts at this venue in the TFM Networks Handicap.
Cape Colony seems to save his best efforts for Kempton and can secure his third win in asmany starts at this venue in the TFM Networks Handicap.
Britain suddenly began to take an imperial interest in what was happening beyond the borders of its Cape Colony - an interest that culminated in the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902.