Cape Region


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Cape Region

 

a floral region in extreme southwestern Africa, mainly in the coastal area. Width, approximately 100 km. In terms of physical geographical conditions and the general nature of the vegetation, the Cape Region differs sharply from adjacent territories. The Cape Region is similar to the Mediterranean region in its moderate temperatures, wet winters (700 mm a year, with a winter maximum of 70 percent), and comparatively hot summers. Therefore, the vegetation of these two regions is also similar: thickets of sclerophyllous evergreen shrubs and undersized trees resembling maquis. More than 6, 000 species of higher plants grow in the Cape Region, of which more than half are endemic (from the families Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Proteaceae, Bruniaceae, Grubbiaceae, and Penaeaceae). Most typical of the Cape Region are the families Compositae, Ericaceae, Leguminosae, Iridaceae, and Proteaceae. The flora in this area has genetic ties with tropical Africa (via the flora in the Karroo and Namib regions, which is intermediate in composition); the Mediterranean area; and a number of southern hemisphere regions, particularly the Australian region. This indicates the probability of ancient land links between these areas. Many cultivated plants of European and other origins are grown in the Cape Region. The indigenous flora of the region is the richest source of ornamental plants, many of which have become well known in Soviet floriculture (for example, the amaryllis and Kaffir lily).

REFERENCES

Il’inskii, A. P. Rastitel’nost’ zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Vul’f, E. V. Istoricheskaia geografiia rastenii: Istoriia flor zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1944.
Alekhin, V. V., L. V. Kudriashov, and V. S. Govorukhin. Geografiia rastenii s osnovami botaniki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Hutchinson, J. A Botanist in Southern Africa. London, 1946.

V. S. GOVORUKHIN and A. I. TOLMACHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Several European markets, including the UK, have begun to receive regular shipments of prepared blooms indiginous to the Cape region, and industry executives say they are confident of more sales this year.
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Matshego Koza of Cortex Hub said that the idea to launch the incubator was prompted by the need for an ICT-based organisation aimed at empowering entrepreneurs to use technology to solve the socio-economic challenges in the Eastern Cape region.
The Stellenbosch University Department of Medical Biochemistry has initiated a project using BioClinic in a clinic in Lawaaikamp near George in the Southern Cape Region of South Africa.
The special Caramel Rooitea Herbal Ice Blended is made with The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf Caramel Rooitea, an all-natural, deliciously sweet-flavored herbal infusion that is derived from the Rooibos, a wispy bush found only in a small part of Africa's South Western Cape region.
The project s main development objective is to support agricultural development in the Eastern Cape region through the introduction of best practices in agricultural, environmental, and social management.
Isombululo will bring together two top South African academic partner institutions, the University of Natal and the University of Cape Town, to support health promotion in the Southern Cape region.
Similarly, of the top-100 companies in South Africa, ten percent have head offices in the Cape Region.
She added :'Benefits to the Nelson Mandela Bay and the greater Eastern Cape region include generation of foreign direct investment, which will in turn create sustainable jobs and provide opportunities for skills development and training.