Cape Region

Cape Region

 

a floral region in extreme southwestern Africa, mainly in the coastal area. Width, approximately 100 km. In terms of physical geographical conditions and the general nature of the vegetation, the Cape Region differs sharply from adjacent territories. The Cape Region is similar to the Mediterranean region in its moderate temperatures, wet winters (700 mm a year, with a winter maximum of 70 percent), and comparatively hot summers. Therefore, the vegetation of these two regions is also similar: thickets of sclerophyllous evergreen shrubs and undersized trees resembling maquis. More than 6, 000 species of higher plants grow in the Cape Region, of which more than half are endemic (from the families Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Proteaceae, Bruniaceae, Grubbiaceae, and Penaeaceae). Most typical of the Cape Region are the families Compositae, Ericaceae, Leguminosae, Iridaceae, and Proteaceae. The flora in this area has genetic ties with tropical Africa (via the flora in the Karroo and Namib regions, which is intermediate in composition); the Mediterranean area; and a number of southern hemisphere regions, particularly the Australian region. This indicates the probability of ancient land links between these areas. Many cultivated plants of European and other origins are grown in the Cape Region. The indigenous flora of the region is the richest source of ornamental plants, many of which have become well known in Soviet floriculture (for example, the amaryllis and Kaffir lily).

REFERENCES

Il’inskii, A. P. Rastitel’nost’ zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Vul’f, E. V. Istoricheskaia geografiia rastenii: Istoriia flor zemnogo shara. Moscow-Leningrad, 1944.
Alekhin, V. V., L. V. Kudriashov, and V. S. Govorukhin. Geografiia rastenii s osnovami botaniki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Hutchinson, J. A Botanist in Southern Africa. London, 1946.

V. S. GOVORUKHIN and A. I. TOLMACHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
A GAME reserve in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa and metalbashing in the Black Country have combined to create a healthy income for Constantine Folkes.
Gillian Warren-Brown is a writer based in South Africa's Eastern Cape region.
Background and Aims: Intensive fieldwork along the shore of the East Cape Region in the Baja California Peninsula by the authors has resulted in the discovery and publication of some new species for the Mexican flora in recent years.
1] to six affected children from the Western Cape region of South Africa (SA) diagnosed in the past 18 months.
Diet of Crotalus enyo (Serpentes: Viperidae) from the Baja California cape region, Mexico.
It also includes visits of Cape Town, the Cape of Good Hope and some of the other spectacular tourist attractions in the Cape region.
During my stay, I would wonder constantly whether the entire Western Cape region of South Africa is part of Europe, or is in Africa.
In the dairy production systems of the southern Cape region of South Africa, several tillage or no-till implements are used to establish or over-sow pastures (Botha et al.
the Eastern Cape region, are often called the Alps of Africa.
Mr Mandela's body arrived in Qunu in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa yesterday as large numbers of people lined the roads to pay their respects as the cortege passed by.
The company's primary roofing material, which also gives the company its name, is cape reed, a unique kind of thatch that only grows on a small strip of land in the Southern Cape region of South Africa.
Overseen by male elders of his clan, the burial will take place inside the family's expansive estate, perched on a hilltop overlooking the rolling plains of the Eastern Cape region.