Cape Town


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Cape Town

or

Capetown,

city, legislative capital of South Africa, capital of Western Cape prov., and seat of the City of Cape TownCape Town, City of,
metropolitan municipality (2011 pop. 3,740,026), Western Cape prov., South Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Town is the municipal seat. In 1996 the Cape Town metropolitan area was divided into six municipalities; in 2006 these were merged to form the City
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 metropolitan municipality; a port on the Atlantic Ocean. It was the capital of Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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 before that province's subdivision in 1994. The city lies at the foot of Table Mt. (c.3,570 ft/1,090 m) and on the shore of Table Bay. Cape Town is a commercial and industrial center; oil refining, food, chemical, and fertilizer processing, and the manufacture of automobiles, leather and plastic goods, and clothing are the chief industries. An important port, Cape Town exports mainly gold, diamonds, and fruits. With one of the world's largest drydocks, ship repairing is an important industry. Much of the former dock area is now a commercial and tourist waterfront area with museums (notably the Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art Africa), craft markets, and restaurants.

Cape Town was founded in 1652 by Gov. Jan van Riebeeck as a supply station on the Dutch East India Company's sea route to the East. In 1795 the British occupied the city. It was returned to the Dutch in 1803 but recaptured in 1806 by the British, who established Cape of Good Hope Colony with Cape Town as capital. When the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910, Cape Town became its legislative capital and Pretoria its administrative capital.

Cape Town's attractions include the Castle, a fortress dating from 1666; the Dutch Reformed church (begun 1699); Old Town House (1755), which contains a museum of 17th-century Flemish and Dutch paintings; and botanical gardens and an aquarium. The Univ. of Cape Town and a technical college are in the city; nearby is the Groote Schuur estate, the former prime minister's and president's residence, now a museum and the Univ. of the Western Cape. The city has an international airport. Robben Island, a former political prison, is offshore.

Cape Town

 

(Kaapstad), a city in the southwest of the Republic of South Africa near the Cape of Good Hope; the administrative center of the Cape of Good Hope Province (Cape Province) and the seat of the country’s parliament. It is the second-largest city in South Africa, with a population of 1,100,000 (1970), of whom 50 percent are Coloureds, 10 percent black Africans, and 40 percent of European extraction. The non-European population in Cape Town is subjected to severe racial discrimination.

Cape Town was founded in 1652 by the Dutch East India Company and served as the administrative center of Cape Colony. In 1806 it was captured by the British, and when the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910, it became part of Cape Province.

Cape Town is South Africa’s second most important industrial center. Enterprises for metalworking, shipbuilding and repair, railroad-car construction, oil refining, and automobile assembly are located there; the manufacture of cement, textiles, and canned food is extensively developed, as are diamond-cutting, lumbering, and wine-making. Cape Town is a base for foreign whaling flotillas and is a major railroad and highway junction. It is also one of Africa’s largest ports, located on a shipping route from Europe to Southeast Asia and the Far East. The port has oil tanks, grain elevators, and cold stores. Wool, raw hides, fruit, corn, diamonds, and gold are exported; oil products, lumber, and fertilizers are imported.

A. S. POKROVSKII

Cape Town

the legislative capital of South Africa and capital of Western Cape province, situated in the southwest on Table Bay: founded in 1652, the first White settlement in southern Africa; important port. Pop.: 827 219 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Virgin Atlantic operates flights from Johannesburg to London throughout the year, and from Cape Town to London from October to March, when British holidaymakers plan to visit Cape Town's warm beaches.
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The European Community ratified Cape Town in 2009, clearing the way for member countries to individually ratify it.
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THREE men in a Land Rover Discovery 2, led by adventurer Mac Mackenney, are attempting to set a new world record for driving from London to Cape Town, South Africa - 10,000 miles and through 20 countries.
The team will start from the RAC Club in Pall Mall on the October 17 and arrive at the AA building in the centre of Cape Town to stop the clock.
com/) world-famous scenery, including natural landscapes, beaches, vistas, and the Cape Town winelands ( http://capetown.
Etihad Airways, the national airline of the United Arab Emirates, announced on Wednesday that it will be launching a service from its home base at Abu Dhabi to Cape Town, South Africa, on 30 September 2009.