(redirected from Capercaille)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


, capercailzie
a large European woodland grouse, Tetrao urogallus, having a black plumage and fan-shaped tail in the male



(Tetrao urogallus), a bird of the family Tetraonidae, order Galliformes. The males weigh an average 4,100 g; females, 2,000 g. In males the top of the head, the neck, and the back are gray with dark markings, the wings are brown, the crop is black with a green metallic sheen, and the lower part of the body is dark with large white spots. The female’s plumage has dark and rusty ocher diagonal stripes. It is a sedentary bird, but sometimes performs seasonal migrations. It inhabits evergreen, mixed, and deciduous forests of Europe and Asia (in Siberia, it is found in the east as far as Western Transbaikalia, Olekminsk, and Viliuisk). The zone of distribution and the number of capercaillies has sharply diminished during the past two centuries; in some places they have disappeared. They were exterminated in Great Britain by the middle of the 18th century; in 1837 they were imported there from Sweden and acclimatized. In the USSR the capercaillie is retreating northward as forests are cut down; it has completely disappeared in a number of oblasts south of the forest zone (Kursk, Voronezh, and Tula, among others). It is polygamous.

The birds gather in the same mating places during the mating period year after year. They mate (March to May) on the ground and in trees; sometimes they mate summer, autumn, and even winter. The nest is on the ground, six to eight eggs to a clutch, rarely 12 to 16 eggs. Only the female sits, for a period of 25-28 days. Diet consists of shoots, flowers, buds, and berries in summer; the young eat insects and spiders. In the autumn, the capercaillie eats larch needles; in winter, pine and spruce needles and buds. It is the object of hunting for sport and, in some places, commercial hunting.


Kirikov, S. V. “Rod glukhari.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 4. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1952.
Teplov, V. P. “Glukhar’ v Pechersko-Ylychskom zapovednike.” In Trudy Pechersko-Ylychskogo zapovednika, issue 4, part 1. Moscow, 1947.
Semenov-Tian-Shanskii, O. I. “Ekologiia teterevinykh ptits.” In Trudy Laplandskogo gosudarstvennogo zapovednika, issue 5. Moscow, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
Grouse about that: Capercaille (right), ridden by Greig Fairley, wins a hot race at Musselburgh on Saturday to set up a crack at Royal Ascot Mark me: Mark Johnston (far left) and Sheikh Hamdan can strike
Gary Luquette, president and managing director for Chevron's Upstream Europe business unit, said, "We are very pleased with our awards under the 23rd round, which are located around current acreage and assets: Rosebank/Lochnagar, Capercaille and the Moray Firth.
It was wonderful to bring big-name bands like Capercaille over, and we had the capacity to offer them decent money because we could get 240 people in there.
The result was the virtual elimination of the remaining big game species in much of Europe (Breitenmoser 1998), even though over--hunting had contributed to the extinction of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) in England in the 1500s, the capercaille (Tetrao urogallus) in Britain around 1790, and the complete extinction of the auroch (Bos primigenius) by 1627 (Myrberget 1990).
Red squirrel, capercaille and red kite have all been reintroduced to Scotland in recent years, but Wales ranks with Italy, Denmark, Croatia and Portugal as parts of Europe that have not yet brought back beavers.
Some of the country's top musical acts, including a unique combination of Admiral Fallow, The Twilight Sad and the RSNO, plus shows from Capercaille, Gaelic rocker Donnie Munro and the hugely popular The Vatersay Boys will appear during the week.
Mairead's musical journey began in her native Gaoth Dobhair, the Donegal Gaeltacht which has drawn her home and where she is permanently based, surrounded by her family and friends, including Manus Lunny of Capercaille.
BRIAN GRAY, 1 Capercaille Lodge, Annitsford, Cramlington.
It's felt this cat could help control the increasing deer population and benefit ground-nesting birds like capercaille by controlling foxes.
This line-up includes performances from Liberty X, Capercaille, Kate Rusby and Blazin' Fiddles.
Horses to follow: Apache, Attracted To You, Bartolomeu, Bridgefield, Capercaille, Chicago Grey, Commitment, Dank, Diamond Blue, Dreaming Of Rubies, Earl Of Carrick, Eernay, Euston Square, Fort Bastion, Isabella Gem, Kirthill, Le Beau Bai, Mezmaar, Miss Diagnosis, Neptune Equester, Norman Orpen, Royal Mile, Sea Of Heartbreak, Seattle Drive, Silviniaco Conti, Tafawuk.