Capitoline Hill


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Capitoline Hill

(kăp`ĭtəlīn') or

Capitol,

highest of the seven hills of ancient Rome, historic and religious center of the city. The great temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, on its southern summit, was dedicated in 509 B.C.; it was foremost among the temples and altars of Rome. Destroyed three times by fire, it was last rebuilt by the emperor Domitian. On the northern summit of the Capitol was the citadel (arx). On the side overlooking the Forum stood the Tabularium, where the state archives were kept. Until the 1st cent. A.D., state criminals were hurled to their death from the Tarpeian Rock, on the steep south face of the hill. In the Middle Ages the Capitol remained the political center of Rome. The center of municipal government in modern Rome is on the same location. In the 16th cent. Michelangelo designed the present plan. A flight of steps leads to the square on top of the hill; on one side of the square is the Palazzo dei Conservatori, on the other, the Capitoline Museum. Both buildings now house collections of antiquities. In the center of the square is the ancient equestrian bronze statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just below the Capitoline Hill, visitors walk the Via Sacra (Sacred Road) past the ruins of Julius Caesar's house and the Temple of the Vestal Virgins.
Beneath the Capitoline Hill you'll find the Forum, or what remains of it, the meeting place of the Senate, which was restored in the 30s.
It certainly wasn't a highlight in this fabulous trip, but when you have such sights as the Vatican, Capitoline Hill, Pantheon, Roman Forum, it is hardly surprising.
And if your heart is set on getting hitched in Italy, like Tom and Katie, check out the beautiful Sala Rossa in the magnificent Campidoglio on Capitoline Hill in the heart of historic Rome.
Africa must be allowed to trade itself out of poverty," Geldof said after receiving the Man for Peace award at Rome's Capitoline Hill.
Flights to and from Rome are likely to be disrupted on Friday 29 October 2004 as security is tightened for the signing of the European Union constitution in the city's Capitoline Hill Square.
159) to the subsequent translation of festival ephemerae into permanent materials, which thus relates the examples he cites to earlier ones, for example Michelangelo's refashioning of the Capitoline Hill (described by architectural historian James Ackerman in The Architecture of Michelangelo [Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1970], 53, 147).
6), after their location in the Palazzo dei Conservatori on the Capitoline Hill (Fig.
The Gauls starved out the Romans besieged on the Capitoline Hill, but they provided historians with some heroic legends, and Ellis gives one of them a Celtic reading: the story of Juno's geese.
Very recent excavations by Anna Maria Sommella Mura date the first occupation of the Capitoline hill to the same period, as already hypothesized by Carandini.
There it is to lie in state in a hall on the Capitoline Hill, seat of the city government.