Capitoline Hill

(redirected from Capitolium)

Capitoline Hill

(kăp`ĭtəlīn') or

Capitol,

highest of the seven hills of ancient Rome, historic and religious center of the city. The great temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, on its southern summit, was dedicated in 509 B.C.; it was foremost among the temples and altars of Rome. Destroyed three times by fire, it was last rebuilt by the emperor Domitian. On the northern summit of the Capitol was the citadel (arx). On the side overlooking the Forum stood the Tabularium, where the state archives were kept. Until the 1st cent. A.D., state criminals were hurled to their death from the Tarpeian Rock, on the steep south face of the hill. In the Middle Ages the Capitol remained the political center of Rome. The center of municipal government in modern Rome is on the same location. In the 16th cent. Michelangelo designed the present plan. A flight of steps leads to the square on top of the hill; on one side of the square is the Palazzo dei Conservatori, on the other, the Capitoline Museum. Both buildings now house collections of antiquities. In the center of the square is the ancient equestrian bronze statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
References in periodicals archive ?
Campidoglio has two summits, the Capitolium and the Arx, which close in the Asylum that was a place of refuge for refugees around the world.
El mismo edificio documentado en la zona mas elevada de Los Palacios, tradicionalmente interpretado como un capitolium de triple cella de epoca romana inicial, ha sido posteriormente considerado un edificio prerromano cuya construccion pudo coincidir con la fundacion del poblado (5).
usque ego postera crescam laude recens, dum Capitolium scandet cum tacita virgine pontifex (43)
In ancient Rome this place was known as Capitolium, in English the Capitol.
The main building (1832) was built next to the town square, where the Capitolium and the Dome Church are located (Haila, 2008).
47] Capitolium illud templis tribus inlustratum, paternis atque etiam huius amplissimis donis ornati aditus Iovis optimi maximi, unonis Reginae, Minervae M.
capitolium, the tempie of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill and means a building in which a legislative body meets>>.
In an issue of Capitolium, the organ of Rome's city council, there was even admission that, through the Renaissance and after, Rome was not the dynamo of sporting endeavour in the peninsula; a half acknowledgement of many Italians' suspicions that their national capital was not the 'real' fount of anything that brought them gain or pleasure.
Capitol is from the Capitolium, a hill at the center of ancient Rome that held a fortress and an important temple to the god Jupiter.
In Dougga, such a stele would have provided an irresistible association with the city's own Capitolium, with its eagle-borne apotheosis of Antoninus Pius (fig.
Underneath the present-day Grande Mosquee are supposed to lie either the remains of the Roman capitolium, or of a temple dedicated to Hercules.
Ne nimis admiretur Graecia illum patrem qui in ipso sacrificio nuntiata filii morte tibicinem tantum tacere iussit et coronam capiti detraxit, cetera rite perfecit, Pulvillus effecit pontifex, cui postern tenenti et Capitolium dedicanti mors filii nuntiata est.