Capitulation


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Capitulation

 

(1) The cessation of resistance by ground, air, and naval forces or part of them in theaters or other regions of military operations, fortresses, or fortified regions and inhabited localities or at sea or on naval bases and elsewhere upon conditions presented by the victor or agreed upon in negotiations between the commanders. Capitulation is, as a rule, accompanied by the surrender of all armament, military ships and aircraft, fortresses, fortified areas, and materiel to the enemy, while personnel become prisoners of the victor.

(2) In international law, the cessation of armed struggle and the surrender of the armed forces of a belligerent state. Capitulation, as a rule, involves the imposition of political, economic, military, and other obligations on the state that has capitulated.

An unconditional capitulation is usually signed if the armed forces have been completely routed and includes recognition of this fact by the defeated state and the surrender of all armed forces. The victorious state may temporarily assume supreme power and establish an occupation regime in the defeated state.

After the unconditional capitulation of Hitlerite Germany and Japan at the end of World War II (1939–5) the Allies, in accordance with special agreements such as the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, carried out measures toward a democratization of the political regime in these countries, outlawed and disbanded criminal state organizations and political parties, and imposed economic, political, military, and other obligations on Germany and Japan.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is a big mistake to concede capitulation few months before the Summit of NATO," said SDSM Secretary General Andrej Petrov.
The draft includes capitulations and US operation outside Afghan borders," Seyfoldin Seyhoon, a member of Afghanistan's National United Front, told FNA in Kabul.
But Young is nevertheless at a loss to explain the abject nature of his side's capitulation.
England might be displeased with its capitulation in Perth, but the rest of the game will rejoice.
The plan is aimed at ending a conflict in which more than 40 000 people have died, but the opposition sees it as capitulation to Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) guerrillas.
We are now entering the final phase of the slump: capitulation and acceptance that natural forces should be allowed to play.
AFC EMLEY'S hopes of an FA Vase run were dashed by a spectacular late capitulation at home to Oldham Town.
Euro Rebound Favored Among Majority Of DailyFX Analysts After a few weeks of incredible volatility and euro/sterling selling, a number of the DailyFX Analysts are looking for capitulation in a period of retracement.
However, it could be his last at Eastlands as his job was under threat even before the capitulation at the Riverside.
Re-Enactment of Articles of Capitulation Signing: a commemoration of the 160th anniversary of the Treaty of Cahuenga.
This bill is not a compromise but a full-fledged capitulation on the part of the legislative branch to executive claims of power," correctly observed the Washington Post in a July 15 editorial.