Capparaceae


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Capparaceae

[‚kap·ə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous herbs, shrubs, and trees in the order Capparales characterized by parietal placentation; hypogynous, mostly regular flowers; four to many stamens; and simple to trifoliate or palmately compound leaves.

Capparaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. It includes herbs, shrubs, lianas, and sometimes trees, with simple or pal-mately compound alternate leaves that often have small stipules. The flowers are bisexual, rarely unisexual and regular, and most often more or less irregular. There are usually four each of sepals, petals, and stamens. The ovary is sessile, or, more often, on a long gynophore. The fruit may be a capsule, or pod-like, or berry-like.

There are approximately 45 genera (more than 800 species) in the family, growing in tropical, subtropical, and less frequently in temperate countries, often in regions with an arid climate, particularly in Africa. Two genera are found in the USSR— Capparis and Cleome, with 13 species. The Cleome genus and related genera are sometimes separated into a special family, Cleomaceae.

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 8. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
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The descriptions of wood of Brassicaceae and Capparaceae could be amplified so as to include variations as yet undescribed, of course, but the generalizations offered seem adequate for the purposes of the present paper.
Families sorted by species richness Familia Especies Generos Fabaceae 14 11 Rubiaceae 5 2 Euphorbiaceae 3 2 Myrtaceae 3 1 Bignoniaceae 3 3 Primulaceae 3 2 Polygonaceae 3 3 Ebenaceae 2 1 Erythroxylaceae 2 1 Salicaceae 2 1 Capparaceae 2 2 Anacardiaceae 2 2 Sapindaceae 2 2 Apocynaceae 1 1 Combretaceae 1 1 Menispermaceae 1 1 Malvaceae 1 1 Celastraceae 1 1 Aristolochiaceae 1 1 Sapotaceae 1 1 Malpighiaceae 1 1 Rhamnaceae 1 1 Verbenaceae 1 1 Total 56 43 CUADRO 3 Analisis de valor de importancia relativa (VIR) TABLE 3 Analysis of relative importance value (RIV) Densidad Densidad absoluta Area basal relativa Especies # ind.
suelda con Antialopecico, Jujuy (CYC) suelda astringente, contra fracturas y luxaciones CAPPARACEAE Capparicordis meloncillo Antidisenterico Jujuy (CYC) tweediana (Eichler) H.
2004), the family Capparaceae becomes monophyletic only with the removal of Forchhammeria, Stixis, and other genera once included in it by such authors as Pax and Hoffmann (1936).
En terminos de vegetacion este ecosistema se caracteriza por presentar principalmente especies de las familias Leguminosae, Bignoniaceae, Malvaceae, Apocynaceae y Capparaceae (Murphy & Lugo, 1986; Gentry, 1995).
En el bosque seco dominan principalmente especies de Leguminosae, Bignoniaceae, Malvaceae, Apocynaceae y Capparaceae.
aurota, as implied by the English name, are known to feed exclusively on members of the Capparaceae family, particularly Capparis cartilagenia and Maerua crassifolia.
Besides Brassicaceae, glucosinolates also occur in plants of Capparaceae, Moringaceae, Resedaceae, and Tovariaceae (Fenwick et al.
In the list of halophytes from Pakistan reported by Khan and Qaiser (2006) none of the member of Capparaceae family is included, but the present study revealed that Capparis spinosa (5) showed a close genetic relationship with the true halophytes reported by Khan and Qaiser (2006).
Estas especies pertenecen a 23 familias botanicas, las mas importantes de las cuales segun la cantidad de especies y los usos son Fabaceae, Apocynaceae y Capparaceae.
Algunas depresiones y areas no aptas para la explotacion mantienen coberturas de porte medio en las que dominan Fabaceae, Rutaceae y Capparaceae, con presencia de cactaceas en sectores muy secos, la mayor parte de las areas cubiertas son rastrojos bajos entre los que dominan arbustos espinosos de Solanum, Randia y Zanthoxylum.