roe deer

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roe deer,

small, short-horned deer, Capreolus capreolus, of Britain and Europe and as far east as China and Siberia. Its coat is golden red in summer, darkening to brown or even black in winter, with lighter undersides and a white rump patch. It stands from 26 to 30 in. (66–76.2 cm) at the shoulder and has small three-pronged horns. Roe deer are widely distributed in woods near fields and wooded valleys. They are nocturnal animals, traveling alone or in families and browsing on grass, leaves, and young shoots. The polygamous males fight over territory in early summer and rut in early fall. Females give birth the following June, usually to two spotted kids of opposite sexes. Roe deer often leave behind in the forest trampled areas in the shape of a figure-eight. Called roe rings, they are made during courtship rituals when the male chases the female, and also by the young at play. Roe deer are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.

Roe Deer

 

(Capreolus capreolus), an even-toed ungulate of the family Cervidae. The body length may reach 150 cm; the animal stands 100 cm high at the shoulder. The male weighs up to 55 kg; the female weighs somewhat less. The animal has a light and slender frame. The tail is short and hidden in the hairs. The male has antlers with three, sometimes four, tines; the female has no antlers. The summer coat is reddish, and the winter coat is gray with a lighter underside. The light hairs on the rump around the tail form a “mirror.”

The roe deer is distributed in most of Europe, the western part of Southwest Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the mountains of Southern Siberia, Mongolia, and the Far East (in the north to 60°N lat.). It lives in sparse forests from the coastal plains to the alpine belt, in the forest steppe, and sometimes in rushes. It feeds on grass, leaves, and the shoots of bushes and trees. In the winter it sometimes feeds on lichens and mosses. The roe deer mates in August to October. The female gives birth to two or three young in May or June. The main enemy is the wolf. The roe deer is sought commercially for its meat, hide, and antlers.

REFERENCE

Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1, part 2. Moscow, 1961.

I. I. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Use of space and habitat selection by roe deer Capreolus capreolus in a Mediterranean coastal area: how does woods landscape affect home range?
Contrariamente a lo encontrado para las poblaciones de ciervos latinoamericanos, todas las muestras de ciervos europeos mostraron estar en equilibrio Hardy-Weinberg, con la excepcion de Capreolus Capreolus en Italia.
El REM-2 agrupa una diafisis de otro individuo de ciervo y el REM-4 una diafisis de metatarso de Capreolus capreolus, localizandose ambos remontajes en un mismo sector.
Andersen (1953) showed, for example, that counts in a population of roe deer Capreolus capreolus can lead to a threefold underestimation of the population size.
For example, faecal NIRS was used to evaluate the dietary quality of free-ranging red deer Cervus elaphus and roe deer Capreolus capreolus (Kamler et al.
Capreolus capreolus and Ixodes ricinus as a reservoir of Bartonella in northwestern Poland [in Polish].
1994: The population dynamics of roe deer Capreolus capreolus L in relation to forest habitat succession.
chensinensis (AY145522), Xenopus laevis (X04025) PRNA045 Odocoileus virginianust (FJ797665), Capreolus capreolus L (AY150545), Cervus elaphus L (AY150547), Bos taurus (AY779625) PRNA018 * PRNA047 Sylvilagus floridanus (FJ797663), Procyon lotort (FJ797659), Felis catus L (AY150542), PRNA046 Canis latranst (FJ797662), Canis lupus familiarist (FJ797658), C.
Faecal pellet groups from red deer Cervus elaphus, fallow deer, roe deer Capreolus capreolus, reeves' muntjac and brown hare were collected.
Such a scenario was recently well documented in a study of the relationship between the Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx and its main natural prey, the roe deer Capreolus capreolus in Poland (Schmidt 2008).
Monitoring the density of a roe deer Capreolus capreolus population subjected to heavy hunting pressure.
This type of behaviour has also been reported for musk deer Moschus moschiferus (Zaitsev 1983), roe deer Capreolus capreolus (Danilkin 1996), reindeer Rangifer tarandus (Baskin and Hjalten 2001), and Alpine ibex Capra ibex (Kramer and Aeschbacher 1971).