Robert Fitzroy

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Fitzroy, Robert


Born July 5, 1805, at Ampton Hall, Suffolk; died Apr. 30, 1865, in Norwood, Surrey. English hydrographer and meteorologist; vice admiral.

Between 1828 and 1830, in an expedition under Commander P. P. King, Fitzroy surveyed the southern tip of South America on the Beagle. From 1831 to 1836 he headed the oceanographic expedition on the Beagle, in which C. R. Darwin participated; during the expedition the coasts of Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, and the Strait of Magellan were surveyed. In 1854, Fitzroy was appointed head of the meteorological department of the Board of Trade and organized the meteorological service in England, including a weather service to forecast storms.


Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majesty’s Ships Adventure and Beagle, vols. 1–3. London, 1839.


Khrgian, A. Kh. Ocherki razvitiia meteorologii. Leningrad, 1948.
Magidovich, I. P. lstoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Tsentral’noi i luzhnoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1965.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This Thing Of Darkness by Harry Thompson, about the voyage of the Beagle and the friendship between Charles Darwin and Captain Fitzroy, as they wrestle with issues that still occupy us today: reason vs faith and "civilisation" vs nature.
Scandal threatened and Captain FitzRoy realised that he had better, as itwere, put them back the way they were, as soon as he could.
Her upbringing as the daughter of a diplomat was admirable training for the life of an administrator's wife that she was to lead following her marriage to Captain FitzRoy in 1820.
JAMAICAN international captain Fitzroy Simpson is hoping the Reggae Boyz cool will help him through Hearts' next two games as the chase for a European place hots up.
Benedit took special delight in recording incongruous encounters that remain faithful to historical fact: Darwin and General Juan Manuel Rosas on the edge of the Rio Colorado or the two Ona Indians whom Captain Fitzroy renamed York Minster and Jeremy Button and took back to England.