George Vancouver

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George Vancouver
BirthplaceKing's Lynn, Norfolk, England
Naval Officer

Vancouver, George,

1757–98, English navigator and explorer. He sailed on Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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's second and third voyages. After 1780 he served under Admiral George RodneyRodney, George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron,
1719–92, British admiral. He served with distinction in the Seven Years War (1757–63), his most notable achievement being the capture (1762) of Martinique in the
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 in the West Indies, taking part in the great victory (1782) over Admiral de Grasse. In 1791, a commander, he set out for the northwest coast of America with a double mission—to take over the territory at Nootka SoundNootka Sound,
inlet of the Pacific Ocean and natural harbor on the west coast of Vancouver Island, SW British Columbia, Canada, lying between the mainland and Nootka Island (206 sq mi/534 sq km).
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 that had been assigned to England by the Nootka Convention and to explore and survey the N Pacific coast. Vancouver rounded the Cape of Good Hope, made new explorations on the coasts of Australia and New Zealand, and visited Tahiti and the Hawaiian Islands. He arrived at the northwest coast of America in 1792 and for three years (1792–94) explored and surveyed it. In the course of his journeys he circumnavigated the island now called Vancouver IslandVancouver Island
(1991 pop. 579,921), 12,408 sq mi (32,137 sq km), SW British Columbia, Canada, in the Pacific Ocean; largest island off W North America. It is c.285 mi (460 km) long and c.
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 in his honor. After arriving (1795) in England again he began to prepare an account of his voyage for publication, a task not quite completed at his death. His brother, with the aid of Peter Puget, Vancouver's lieutenant, finished the book, which was published as A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and round the World (3 vol. and an atlas, 1798, repr. 1968). Another first-hand account was that of Archibald Menzies; part of his journal was edited in 1923 by C. F. Newcombe.

Vancouver, George


Born June 22, 1758; died May 10, 1798, near London. English navigator.

Vancouver took part in J. Cook’s second and third voyages (1772-79). In 1790-95 he circumnavigated the globe, with stops in the Gulf of Alaska, including Cook Inlet. He explored the Hawaiian Islands, which had been discovered by Cook, and the Pacific coast of North America between the Kenai and California peninsulas. He and J. Bodega y Quadra (leader of the Spanish expedition) discovered and explored an island later named after Vancouver and other adjacent islands and the straits separating them. Vancouver continued the exploration of the Queen Charlotte Islands, the Alexander Archipelago, and other islands in the Gulf of Alaska.


A Voyage of Discovery to the North Pacific Ocean and Round the World … in the Years 1790-1795 , 2nd ed., vols. 1-6. London, 1801. (With atlas.)
References in periodicals archive ?
At a stop in the Hawaiian Islands, Frances Barkley took on Winee as her personal maid, making this indigenous Hawaiian the first non-white woman and also the first indigenous Hawaiian person known to have visited the future British Columbia, five years earlier than the two young women rescued by Captain Vancouver.