capture

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capture

1. Physics a process by which an atom, molecule, ion, or nucleus acquires an additional particle
2. Geography the process by which the headwaters of one river are diverted into another through erosion caused by the second river's tributaries
3. Computing the act or process of inserting or transferring data into a computer

capture

[′kap·chər]
(aerospace engineering)
The process in which a missile is taken under control by the guidance system.
(astrophysics)
Of a central force field, as of a planet, to overcome by gravitational force the velocity of a passing body and bring the body under the control of the central force field, in some cases absorbing its mass.
(geochemistry)
In a crystal structure, the substitution of a trace element for a lower-valence common element.
(hydrology)
The natural diversion of the headwaters of one stream into the channel of another stream having greater erosional activity and flowing at a lower level. Also known as piracy; river capture; river piracy; robbery; stream capture; stream piracy; stream robbery.
(physics)
A process in which an atomic or nuclear system acquires an additional particle; for example, the capture of electrons by positive ions, or capture of neutrons by nuclei.

capture

i. In flying aircraft, to control aircraft trajectory to intercept and then follow an external radio beam (as in ILS, or instrument landing system).
ii. To detect and lock onto a target by a radar.
iii. In flying, to reach a desired altitude or direction, especially using an autopilot or automatic flight control system.

capture

To acquire text, images, audio and video in their original format. Once captured in the computer, the data are typically edited and converted into another format. See frame grabber, video capture board and screen capture.
References in periodicals archive ?
II, The Capture Theory of Cosmical Evolution, a beautifully printed quarto of some 734 pages in which he sought to explain the intricacies of his cosmogony, or cosmology as we call it nowadays.
An Alternative to the Capture Theory of Regulation: The Case of State Public Utility Commissions.
Regulatory capture theory suggests that regulators tend to act at the behest of interest groups seeking to maximize their own benefits, rather than in the public interest.