Capua


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Capua

(kä`pwä), town (1991 pop. 18,845), Campania, S Italy, on the Volturno River. It is an agricultural center and occupies the site of ancient CasilinumCasilinum
, ancient town, Campania, S Italy, 18 mi (29 km) N of present-day Naples. It probably was founded (c.600 B.C.) by the Etruscans. It was captured (215 B.C.) from Carthage by the Romans and served as a base of operations against Capua.
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. Ancient Capua, situated 3 mi (4.8 km) to the southeast, where Santa Maria Capua Vetere (1991 pop. 31,396) now lies, was a Roman town strategically located on the Appian Way. During the second of the Punic WarsPunic Wars,
three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When they began, Rome had nearly completed the conquest of Italy, while Carthage controlled NW Africa and the islands and the commerce of the W Mediterranean.
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 it went over (216 B.C.) to the side of Hannibal, but was retaken by Rome in 211 B.C. Later it was an important colony under the Roman Empire. After Capua was destroyed (A.D. 841) by the Arabs, its inhabitants moved to Casilinum and founded modern Capua. Strongly fortified to defend nearby Naples, Capua suffered several sieges, including ones by Cesare Borgia (1501) and the Piedmontes (1860). Of note are a Roman bridge, a 9th-century cathedral (frequently restored), an 11th-century castle, and a museum of archaeology and sculpture.

Capua

 

an ancient city in Campania, 4 km southeast of modern Capua.

Capua was founded in the sixth century b.c. by the Etruscans.After the Latin War of 340–338 b.c., it received from Rome theright to govern itself. At this time it occupied an important placein Italy in terms of wealth and prominence. In the first centuryb.c., the schools of gladiators at Capua were famous; Spartacuswas a gladiator in one of them. In a.d. 456, the city was laidwaste by the Vandals. From the beginning of the seventh centuryit was the center of one of the Lombard principalities making upBenevento. In 842 it was destroyed by the Arabs. A new city wasbuilt in 856. The modern city of Santa Maria Capua Vetere islocated on the site of ancient Capua.

Capua

a town in S Italy, in NW Campania: strategically important in ancient times, situated on the Appian Way. Pop.: 19 041 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Catherine's two most important Dominican mentors were her confessors, Tommaso della Fonte and Raymond of Capua.
This ongoing instability afforded some urban communities the opportunity to exercise their own autonomy quite vigorously: Capua, for example, briefly asserted its independence in the 1090s.
That would easily make it the most ancient replacement limb known, several centuries older that the Roman-era bronze-and-wood leg unearthed from a burial site near Capua, Italy.
He was serving a life sentence at Santa Maria Capua prison in southern Italy.
Address for correspondence: Ilaria Capua, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell'Universita 10, 35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy; email: icapua@ izsvenezie.
Rudak will be presenting the wonderful arias of Flotow, Tosti, Cilea, Massenet, and Capua.
Raymond of Capua, however, her most influential biographer, never even mentions this letter.
TV news of the house in Santa Maria Capua Vetere, near Naples, showed a squalid stained single mattress in a room with dirt and grime on the floor and walls and a bathroom covered in filth.
Admitted to practice: 1986) In its petition, The Florida Bar said facts establish Capua was causing great public harm by misappropriating thousands of dollars from his trust account.
Raymond of Capua and Tommaso Caffarini, her Dominican hagiographers, created an image of Catherine whose vocation fit into an idealized portrait of female sanctity.
Michael Di Capua Books/Hyperion Books for Children, 2005
The team has carried out a full-scale civil helicopter crash test at the Italian Aerospace Centre in Capua to assess the impact of existing safety features on crash test dummies.