Capuana, Luigi(lo͞oē`jē käpwä`nä), 1839–1915, Italian critic and novelist. His activities included teaching, scientific study, and politics. He wrote in almost every genre, but his reputation rests upon his naturalistic novels and criticism. Among his best works are the short stories in Paesane [peasant women] (1894), the novel Il marchese di Roccaverdina (1901), and his Studi della letteratura contemporanea (1879–82). His stories for children include Nimble Legs (1903, tr. 1927) and Once upon a Time (1882, tr. 1892).
Born May 28, 1839, in Mineo, Catania Province, Sicily; died Nov. 29, 1915, in Catania. Italian critic and writer.
Capuana was a professor of Italian literature at the Pedagogic Institute in Rome and, from 1902, at the University of Catania. An adherent of the verismo literary movement, he expounded its theoretical program in Essays on Modem Literature (1879–82) and On Art (1885). Strongly influenced by French naturalism, Capuana insisted that Italian literature have a national character and originality. Capuana depicted Italian provincial life in his literary works: the collection of short stories The Peasant Women (1894) and the novel The Marquis of Roccaverdina (1901).
WORKSIn Russian translation:
[Novelty. ] In the collection ItaVianskie novelty, 1860–1914. Introduction by B. G. Reizov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
REFERENCESMadrignani, C. A. Capuana e il naturalismo, Bari, 1970.
Raya, G. Bibliografa di L. Capuana (1839–1968). Rome, 1969.