capuchin

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capuchin

(kăp`yo͞ochĭn), name for New World monkeysmonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
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 of the genus Cebus, widely distributed in tropical forests of Central and South America. Medium-sized monkeys, they have a body length of 14 to 24 in. (36–61 cm), with a tail up to 20 in. (50 cm) long, and weigh 2 to 4 lb (0.9–1.8 kg). The coat is black or brown, with lighter markings on the chest in some species. The flattened face is naked and pink. Members of some species have manes resembling the cowls of capuchin monks. The tail is partially prehensile, that is, it can be used for grasping but not with the dexterity displayed by most New World monkeys. It is usually carried with the end curled in a spiral, hence the alternate name, ringtail monkey. Capuchins travel in groups through the trees, making loud sounds, and rarely descend to the ground. They feed on leaves, fruit, insects, small animals, and bird eggs. They are easily trained and are well known from circuses and as the classic organ-grinder's monkey. In the wild they use simple tools, such as rocks, for such tasks as cracking the hard shells of fruits. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cebidae.

Capuchin

 

(Cebus), a genus of American prehensile-tailed monkey of the Cebidae family.

Capuchins have relatively large, round skulls, with a shortened facial section, moderately long limbs, and a well-developed thumb. The tail is long and covered with hair, and the final third is prehensile. Capuchins inhabit the lush tropical forests of Central and South America, living in trees, chiefly in groups of eight to 30 individuals. They feed on leaves, fruits, nuts, insects, bird eggs, and fledglings. There are several species. The white-throated capuchin (C. capucinus) has black fur on most of its body but yellowish-white fur on the forehead or throat and chest and shoulders, a body length of about 45 cm, and a tail of 40–50 cm. The brown capuchin (C. apella) has a black crest, a body length of 35–45 cm, and a tail of 38–48 cm. Capuchins are often kept in zoos, where they usually reproduce successfully.

REFERENCES

Weber, M. Primaty. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936. (Translated from German.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6:Mlekopitaiushchie. Moscow, 1971.

M. F. NESTURKH

capuchin

1. any agile intelligent New World monkey of the genus Cebus, inhabiting forests in South America, typically having a cowl of thick hair on the top of the head
2. a rare variety of domestic fancy pigeon

Capuchin

a. a friar belonging to a strict and autonomous branch of the Franciscan order founded in 1525
b. (as modifier): a Capuchin friar
References in periodicals archive ?
Customary tool-use by wild primates, a key trait of interest to archaeologists, has been recorded in tropical Africa, South America and Southeast Asia, including by chimpanzees (Figure 1), orangutans and bearded capuchin monkeys (McGrew 1992; van Schaik et al.
Capuchin monkeys have been reported to show cognitive patterns of responding in some contexts designed to assess capacities such as tool using, numerical cognition, and concept learning (e.
There's a severed finger in a bowl, Stu sports an intriguing facial tattoo, Alan's head is shaved, and Phil finds a Capuchin monkey in the bathroom - and a seminaked Mr Chow (played by Ken Jeong), their old rival from Vegas.
A woman in Spain, who had claimed she was based in Dublin in her ad, said a capuchin monkey would cost EUR200, including transportation.
The goal of this project is to analyze a short movie clip of a bearded capuchin monkey and determine the kinematics and energetics of the monkey's motion.
Yorick and his male Capuchin monkey Ampersand are both survivors of a plague that wiped out every other thing with a Y chromosome on Earth in an instant.
IN THE Yonkers of steaming pavements and many tongues, the little boy watched the cutely-dressed capuchin monkey dancing on his chain for the organgrinder of Morris Street.
On a sad note, Koko, a 43-year-old capuchin monkey who had befriended nearly 100 students over several decades at the Moorpark College exotic animal training zoo, was euthanized in June because of health problems associated with old age.
The capuchin monkey, Mally, was shifted to a new enclosure at the Serengeti Park in Hodenhagen, in northern Germany on Wednesday, Fox news reported.
Capuchin monkey Mally was impounded in Munich because Justin did not have vaccination and import papers for it.
Justin Bieber has reportedly given up on plans of reuniting with his pet capuchin monkey just a month after the animal was seized by German customs officials, and is now trying to relocate him in a zoo.