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(kăp`yo͞ochĭnz) [Ital.,=hooded ones], Roman Catholic religious order of friars, one of the independent orders of FranciscansFranciscans
, members of several Roman Catholic religious orders following the rule of St. Francis (approved by Honorius III, 1223). There are now three organizations of Franciscan friars: the Friars Minor [Lat. abbr., O.F.M.
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, officially the Friars Minor Capuchin [Lat. abbr., O.M.Cap.]. The order was founded (1525–28) in central Italy as a reform within the Observants, led by Matteo di Bascio. It is one of the largest orders. Born, like the Jesuits, at the beginning of the Counter Reformation, the Capuchins became a major force in church activity, especially in preaching and in missions. With the Jesuits they did much to revive Catholicism in the parts of Europe where Protestantism had prevailed. The Capuchins have been very important in foreign missions; they were early arrivals in French Canada.


See study by Father Cuthbert (1928, repr. 1971).



Catholic monastic order founded as a branch of the Franciscan order in 1525 in Italy.

The order received its name because of the pointed hood (capuccio) sewn to the cassock of coarse cloth that the monks wore. The founder of the Capuchins was the Franciscan monk Matteo da Bascio, who strove to restore the ascetic character of the early Franciscan communities. The rule of the Capuchins was approved by Pope Clement VII in 1528 or 1529. They were confirmed as an independent order by Pope Paul V in 1619. During the 16th and 17th centuries the order spread throughout a number of countries in Western Europe. The Capuchins played a large role in the Counter-Reformation. Their primary goal was to strengthen the influence of Catholicism on the popular masses.

Even today the Capuchins remain a bastion of clericalism. By1972 there were approximately 14, 000 Capuchin monks; theorder of Capuchinesses, founded in the 16th century, numberedabout 2, 500 nuns.

References in periodicals archive ?
We are filled with joy at receiving the final date of the beatification of Father Solanus," said Capuchin Franciscan Fr.
Those tools display more elaborate modifications than observed on sharp-edged capuchin creations, Proffitt says.
We know that capuchin monkeys share a number of our own economic biases," says psychologist Laurie Santos, lead author of the study.
The buffy-headed capuchin is critically endangered in the wild as listed by the International Union for the Conservations of Nature.
Since 2007, Michael has been living with Kathy - a 22 year old capuchin monkey provided for him by Helping Hands, an American charity that trains monkeys to assist disabled people with daily tasks.
Seeing her delight at being reunited with capuchin monkeys in the wild, you'll wonder why you ever doubted her.
Since 1990, Perry, her husband Joseph Manson, also a UCLA anthropologist, a University of Iowa faculty member, and 122 students, volunteers and copiously trained locals have spent approximately 79,000 hours observing 444 capuchins that make up 11 social groups in Costa Rica's Lomas Barbudal Biological Reserve.
As a Capuchin he was known for his piety and simplicity, so he was inducted into formation and teaching theology.
The Capuchin Day Centre in Dublin's north inner city is distributing 500 meals a day as the recession continues to hit the most vulnerable in society.
Because capuchin monkeys are highly intelligent, adaptable, and sociable, they make perfect partners to humans, adding an extra set of hands and a great deal of companionship.
During periods of low resource availability, most species of capuchins living in seasonal habitats modify their diet, switching to alternative resources, and/or adopt behavioral strategies to enhance food acquisition and reduce energy expenditure (e.
All capuchins that we observed in this experiment had shown that they were capable of forming learning sets.