Ion Luca Caragiale

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Caragiale, Ion Luca

 

Born Jan. 30, 1852, in Haimanale, now Caragiale; died June 9, 1912, in Berlin. Rumanian writer and playwright. Academician of the Academy of the Rumanian Socialist Republic (elected posthumously). Son of a minor official.

Caragiale studied at the Ploe§ti Gymnasium but left in the fourth year and enrolled in courses of mime and recitation at the Bucharest conservatory (1868–70). During the 1880’s he had close ties with representatives of the incipient socialist movement, C. Dobrogeanu-Gherea and A. Bacalba§a. A democratic raznochinets (member of a class other than the nobility), Caragiale denounced contemporary society. In the comedy Stormy Night (1878), he satirized the successful bourgeoisie, with its proprietary attitudes and sham liberalism and patriotism. The one-act comedy Mr. Leonida Face to Face With Reaction (1879) was directed against political philistinism. The comedy The Lost Letter (1884) was a biting satire on the political system of bourgeois-landowner Rumania. The comedy Carnival (1885) ridiculed the triviality of the petite bourgeoisie. In Caragiale’s essays, short stories, and satirical articles which appeared in the collections Notes and Stories (1892), Light Stories (1896), ShortStories (1897), and Moments (1901), he condemned the reality of Rumanian politics with caustic irony. A campaign of persecution and slander was organized against Caragiale by reactionary circles, and in 1904 he moved to Berlin. In 1907 he responded to the peasant uprising enveloping Rumania with the article “1907: From the Spring to the Fall,” in which he supported the just demands of the insurgents, stigmatized the ruling parties who were responsible for the tragic situation of the people, and insisted on the implementation of fundamental democratic reforms. Caragiale’s work served the progressive forces of Rumania in their struggle for freedom and exerted considerable influence on the development of Rumanian literature. The Bucharest National Theater was named after Caragiale.

WORKS

Teatru. Bucharest, 1889.
Opere, vols. 1–7. Bucharest, 1930–42.
Opere, vols. 1–3—. Bucharest, 1959–62—.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Preface by I. Konstantinovskii. Moscow, 1953.
Momenty i ocherki. Bucharest, 1962.
Komedii, iumoreski, rasskazy. Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Chezza, L. Tvorchestvo I. Karadzhale. Kishinev, 1961.
Sadovnik, Sh. P. /. L. Karadzhale. Leningrad-Moscow, 1964.
Konstantinovskii, I. Karadzhale. Moscow, 1970.
Ion Luka Karadzhale (bio-bibliografiia). Moscow, 1952.
Studii §i conferinfe cu prilejul centenarului I. L. Caragiale. Bucharest, 1952.
Alexandrescu, ş. Caragiale in timpul nostru. [Bucharest, 1963.]
Cazimir, ş. Caragiale: Universul comic. [Bucharest] 1967.
Elvin, B. Modernitatea clasicului I. L. Caragiale. [Bucharest] 1967.

SH. P. SADOVNIK

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Thus, in 1911, in Blaj, on the occasion of celebrating 50 years since the setting up of Astra (The Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and Culture), the famous Romanian playwright Ion Luca Caragiale was praising "the Jidvei wine and Aurel Vlaicu's daring flight.
1963) untersuchte in ihrem deshalb auch vielfach kritisierten Buch "Imaginarul violent al romanilor" ("Die gewalttatige Vorstellungswelt der Rumanen") aus dem Jahre 2003 die Tradition dieser fatalen Seite der rumanischen politischen Kommunikation, besonders auch die Bezuge zur Gewalt in Artikeln so beruhmter rumanischer Autoren wie Mihai Eminescu, Ion Luca Caragiale oder eben Tudor Arghezi.
What attracts you to writers such as Mihail Sebastian, Ion Creanga, Caragiale, practically unknown outside our country?
Opened in 1899 by three brothers who wanted to sell their uncle's beer, it soon became a magnet for Bucharest society, with playwright Ion Luca Caragiale, poet George Cosbuc and even King Carol I eating there.
Recherches et communications presentees: <<Le style satirique et polemique des chroniqueurs de Valachie>>, au IIe Colloque International Perspectives contemporaines sur le monde medieval, Pitesti (Roumanie), 3-5 decembre 2010, <<Procedes comiques dans D'ale carnavalului>>, Session scientifique de master et des doctorants; Universite de Pitecti (Roumanie), 5, 6, 13 mai 2011, <<Valences comiques du langage de Caragiale dans le jeu des elections politiques>>, Conference Internationale sur la langue et de litterature-faits marquants de l'identite europeenne; Pitecti (Roumanie), 17-19 juin 2011.
Caragiale symbolizes the degraded myth of independence, the author subtly building the links required for such an understanding.
Caragiale (1852-1912), o mais importante dramaturgo na historia da literatura romena, quem, em sua comedia O scrisoare pierduta [Uma carta perdida], oferecera um desconfortavel "espelho", o qual incitou indignacao publica e de vies politico.
For instance, the headline (Nenea) Iancu de Deveselu (Adevarul, June 1st, 2011) [9] alludes to the nickname of a Romanian writer from the 19th century, Ion Luca Caragiale, famous until today because of the literary value of his comic prosa and theatre plays.
Eminescu about his maiden: Well, I don't want her/Well, I'll leave her alone Passing to Caragiale with his: Clean/Dirty
In 1930 Mateiu Caragiale (1885-1936), an influential poet and writer, published an unfinished detective story, Sub pecetea tainei (Under the seal of secrecy).
At the end towards Schitu Magureanu there is a rotunda, where the bust sculptures of great writers (Mihai Eminescu, George Cosbuc, Ion Luca Caragiale, Alexandru Odobescu, Titu Maiorescu, Stefan Octavian losif, Ion Creanga, Alexandru Vlahuta, Duiliu Zamfirescu, Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, Nicolae Balcescu and Vasile Alexandri) are exhibited.
Classic Romanian plays, such as those of Ion Luca Caragiale, as well as works by modern or avant-garde Romanian and international playwrights, find sophisticated and enthusiastic audiences in the many theaters of the capital and smaller cities.