Carassius


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Related to Carassius: Cyprinidae, Carassius auratus, Carassius carassius

Carassius

 

a genus of fish of the family Cyprinidae. There are two species—the golden, or common, crucian carp (Carassius carassius ) and the silver crucian carp (C. auratus). The golden crucian carp is found in Eastern and Western Europe, as well as in Asia (as far east as the Lena River). The dorsal fin is long, and the pharyngeal teeth are uniserial. The body, which is vertically compressed, is dark brown with golden tones on the sides. The paired fins and anal fins are usually reddish. Species of this genus reach a length of 45 cm and a weight of 3 kg. The golden crucian carp lives in bodies of water that are overgrown with marshes, in enclosed lakes, and, less frequently, in rivers with sluggish currents. When the water freezes over or dries up, the fish burrow into the mud to depths reaching 70 cm. Thus, they survive cold winters and hot summers. Golden and silver crucian carps reach sexual maturity at three or four years of age. Spawning occurs in the spring; fecundity reaches 300, 000 eggs. The eggs are deposited in clusters on benthic vegetation. The golden crucian carp feeds on vegetation, zooplankton, zoobenthos, and detritus.

The silver crucian carp is found in the basin of the Pacific Ocean, throughout Siberia, and in the lower reaches of the rivers in the Aral Basin in the European USSR. It has two subspecies: C. auratus auratus and C. a. gibelio. Their silver body measures up to 45 cm long and weighs more than 1 kg. A domesticated variety of the genus Carassius is the goldfish.

Female silver crucian carps sometimes live in bodies of water without their male counterparts. Under these conditions, they crossbreed with other fishes, such as golden crucian carps and domesticated carps. The fishes of the genus Carassius are commercially valuable and are raised and bred in ponds.

A. A. SVETOVIDOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Dieser silbergraue chi, besser als Goldfisch bekannt, Carassius auratus, trat ab und zu in einer gelblichen Farbvariante auf.
In the present list, Carassius auratus, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, Labidesthes sicculus, Morone americana, and Aplodinotus grunniens were taken at only one site.
Effect of partial replacement of dietary monocalcium phosphate with neutral phytase on growth performance and phosphorus digestibility in gibel carp, Carassius auratusgibelio (Bloch).
Family Common name/Species/Origin Cyprinidae common carp (Koi variety) Cyprinus carpio (native range: Russia, China, India) goldfish Carassius auratus (native range: central Asia, China, Japan) Cobitidae oriental weatherfish Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (native range: Northeastern Asia, Myanmar, China) Poeciliidae guppy Poecilia reticulata (native range: Venezuela, Barbados, Trinidad, northern Brazil, Guyanas) sailfin molly Poecilia latipinna (native range: U.
Landings Percent Species (1,000 t) of total Freshwater fish Carassius carassius 254.
Effects of Chronic Exposure of 2,4-dichlorophenol on the Antioxidant System in Liver of Fresh Water Fish Carassius auratus.
Besides the supra mentioned aspects, we aimed with the present study to obtain the optimum dosage of 2-phenoxyethanol for maintenance of sedation and evaluate the effects of inter-suture distance on wound healing in goldfish Carassius auratus.
The diel activity of crucian carp, Carassius Carassius, in relation to chemical cues from predators.
Otolith resorption induced by anaerobic stress in the goldfish, Carassius auratus.
2006) recorded visible growth inhibition only in goldfish, Carassius auratus gibelio B.
Bioaccumulation and ROS generation in liver of Carassius auratus, exposed to phenanthrene.