Carcassonne

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Carcassonne

(kärkäsôn`), city (1990 pop. 44,911), capital of Aude dept., S France, in Languedoc. The old city, a medieval fortress atop a hill, is one of the architectural marvels of Europe. The new city, across the Aude River, is a farm trade center with rubber, shoe, and textile manufactures. Tourism, however, is the main industry. The Romans fortified the hilltop site in the 1st cent. B.C.; towers built (c.6th cent.) by the Visigoths are still intact; and the viscounts of Carcassonne added to the fortifications in the 12th cent. A stronghold of the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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, the fortress was taken by Simon de Montfort in 1209. It yielded to the king in 1247, at which time Louis IX (St. Louis) founded the new city across the river. The outer ramparts of the fortress were constructed during St. Louis's reign, and the work was continued, with intricate defense devices, under Philip III. When completed, the fortress was widely considered impregnable; Edward the Black Prince was stopped at its walls in 1355. However, its usefulness ended in 1659, with the annexation to France of the province of Roussillon. The ramparts were gradually abandoned and fell into disrepair; they were restored by Viollet-le-Duc in the 19th cent.

Carcassonne

 

a city in southern France, capital of the department of Aude (historically, the region of Languedoc). It is situated on the Aude River near a canal linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Garonne River. Population, 46, 000 (1968). The city is an important transportation junction. Industry includes the production of wine, spirits, rubber products, clothing, headwear, and footwear.

On the right bank of the Aude is the upper (old) city, containing a double line of ramparts with gates and 52 towers. The inner ring was built at the end of the fifth century, and the outer, in the 13th. Also located there are a citadel built in the second third of the 12th century, the Romanesque-Gothic cathedral of St. Nazaire, and a medieval bridge over the Aude. On the left bank is the lower city (Ville Basse), founded in 1247, with the Gothic churches of St. Michael and St. Vincent (13th and 14th centuries); it has straight streets. A museum of fine arts is also located in Carcassonne.

REFERENCES

Poux, J. La Cité de Carcassonne, vols. 1–3. Toulouse, 1931–38.
Morel, P. Carcassonne. Grenoble-Paris, 1962.

Carcassonne

a city in SW France: extensive remains of medieval fortifications. Pop.: 43 950 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
This trek sets out to discover the remarkable string of Cathar castles built on strategic vantage points across the regions of AriAge and Aude in southern France, and visits the medieval walled city of Carcasonne.
The Dragons face Ireland in a crucial winner takes all European Nations Cup match and a win or draw for Wales will put them into the final in Carcasonne on Saturday, November 5 - one step closer to their first Championship in 10 years.
But preservation like this - at Bruges or Carcasonne - is the result of complete economic collapse.
After visiting the Roman, Medieval and Gothic historical buildings, head out of town to see the Pont du Gard, the bridge built by the Romans 2,000 years ago, the medieval fortified town of Carcasonne and the vineyards and small family wineries that seem to cover the whole region.
The Warriors face the mystery men of Montpellier in Carcasonne tonight determined to take a lead back to Hughenden for Friday's second leg.
We had flown into Carcasonne and decided to revisit the dramatic walled city before going on in our taxi to Homps to collect our floating home for the week.
Tony Barnbrock was due to fly home from a short break in Carcasonne when he arrived at the airport to be told the plane was not taking off.
Included in the price: Return flights from Birmingham or Coventry Airport' Return transfers from airport to hotel' Four nights half board in Roussillion and three nights half board close to the Spanish Catalan coastline, in good quality hotels, staying in a twin bedded room with private facilities' Visits to Collioure, Barcelona, Carcasonne and Rennesle Chateau and Homps for a guided two hour cruise on the Canal du Midi' Services of a tour manager
Specialist operator Explore has an eight day tour, costing from pounds 735 a head, which discovers the remarkable string of Cathar castles built on strategic vantage points across the regions of AriAge and Aude in southern France and visits the medieval walled city of Carcasonne.
Carcasonne pounds 111 rtn - dor the rolling countryside of Languedoc; Nimes pounds 82 rtn - charming old Roman town, close to Avignon.
There's the bustling port of Sete, with its legion of seafood restaurants, there's Carcasonne, Europe's largest fortified medieval city, there's the miles of golden beaches washed by the Mediterranean, or the spectacular gorges of the Haut Languedoc.