cardamom

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Related to Cardamomum: Green cardamom

cardamom

(kär`dəməm): see gingerginger,
common name for members of the Zingiberaceae, a family of tropical and subtropical perennial herbs, chiefly of Indomalaysia. The aromatic oils of many are used in making condiments, perfumes, and medicines, especially stimulants and preparations to ease stomach distress.
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Cardamom

 

(Elettaria cardamomum), a perennial herbaceous plant of the family Zingiberaceae. It has creeping root-stock. The leaves are lanceolate and are arranged in two rows along the vegetative shoots; they measure 2-4 m tall. The flower stalks, measuring up to 60 cm long, end in panicles with pale green blossoms. The fruit is a trilobate capsule with reddish-brown seeds of irregular shape. The seeds are used as a spice in cooking. They contain 3.5-7 percent oil, which is used in food and tobacco products. The oil is also used in medicine. Cardamom grows wild in the rain forests on the mountains of southern India. The plant is cultivated primarily in India, Sri-Lanka (Ceylon), Indochina, and South China.

cardamom

[′kärd·ə·məm]
(botany)

cardamom

, cardamum, cardamon
1. a tropical Asian zingiberaceous plant, Elettaria cardamomum, that has large hairy leaves
2. a related East Indian plant, Amomum cardamomum, whose seeds are used as a substitute for cardamom seeds.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zingiberaceae Rhizome 14 Curcuma zedoaria Zingiberaceae Rhizome Roscoe 15 Elettaria Zingiberaceae Fruit cardamomum Maton 16 Ficus religiosa L.
19 species: Centella asiatica, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Celastrus paniculatus, Balsamodedron mukul, Ocimum sanctum, Nardostachys jatamansi, Piper longum, Carum copticum, Zingiber officinalis, Cyperus rotundus, Acorus calamus, Embelia ribes, Syzygium aromaticum, Santalum album, Elettaria cardamomum, Foeniculum vulgare, Rosa damascena, Cinnamomum cassia, Crocus sativus.
Of the two plants that produce cardamom seeds -- Eletteria cardamomum and Amomum cardamomum -- Guatemala cultivates the first, which is the finer variety, and is native to the Malabar coast of India.