cardiac glycoside

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cardiac glycoside

[‚kärd·ē‚ak ′glī·kə‚sīd]
(biochemistry)
A class of naturally occurring glycosides that exhibit the ability to strengthen the contraction of heart muscles.
References in periodicals archive ?
The phytochemical analysis of Andrachne cordifolia was carried out to determine the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, anthraquinones, flavonoids, tannins, reducing sugars, saponins and terpenoids of barks and leaves extracts of chloroform, petroleum ether, methanol and distilled water.
Terpenoids and phlobatannins were absent in banana leaves but tannin, flavonoids, steroids and cardiac glycosides were strongly present while saponin present (Table 3).
stem Phytochemical component Methanolic extract Alkaloids Present Tannins Absent Phenolics Present Cardiac glycosides Present Phlobatanins Absent Flavonoids Present Terpenoid Present Steroid Present Reducing sugar Absent Table 2.
Results: In this study, we found that Cardiac glycosides, particularly Lanatoside C from Digitalis ferruginea could significantly inhibit PTEN protein adequate Huh7 and PTEN deficient Mahlavu human liver cancer cell proliferation by the induction of apoptosis and G2/M arrest in the cells.
In summary, this case serves as a timely reminder that careful consideration and thought should be given prior to the use of cardiac glycosides.
3,4) Contrary to cardiac glycosides, and most intravenous and oral inotropes, pimobendan does not increase myocardial oxygen consumption.
Different plant Tests constituents Test for alkaloids Mayer's test, Dragendroff's test, Wagner's test, and Hager's test Test for proteins and Millon's test, Biuret test, and amino acids ninhydrin test Test for anthraquinones Modified Borntrager's test Test for flavonoids Ferric chloride test and lead acetate test Test for carbohydrates Molisch's test Test for reducing sugars Fehling's test and Benedict's test Test for saponins Foam formation test Test for tannins Ferric chloride test and lead acetate test Test for steroids, Liebermann-Burchard test, triterpenoids, and Salkowski test, Noller's test, cardiac glycosides Legal's test, Baljet test, and Keller Kiliani's test TABLE 2: Effect on electrolyte excretion in urine.
Cardiac glycosides, also known as digitalis glycosides, have been used to treat heart conditions in the medical world for at least 2,000 years.
Standard phytochemical methods were used to test for the presence of saponins, alkaloids, tannins, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, cyanogenetic glycosides and flavonoids, following standard methods, as described below:
The confirmatory tests were on alkaloids, saponins, tannins, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, and terpenes.