Pietro Bembo

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Bembo, Pietro

 

Born May 20, 1470, in Venice; died Jan. 18, 1547, in Rome. Italian writer, historian, and theoretician concerned with questions of literary language and style. Born into a patrician family. Became a cardinal in 1539.

In his works Bembo drew from the tradition of Cicero (in works written in Latin), G. Boccaccio, and especially F. Petrarch (in works written in Italian). Bembo’s lyric poetry showed little originality. As a prose writer, he became famous for his treatises in dialogue about platonic love, Conversations of Asolani (1505). The aristocratic humanism of Bembo received the name Bembism. The most valuable of his works is Prose in the Vernacular (1525), devoted to style, meter, and the bases of normative grammar of the Italian language. Bembo was an advocate of a national literary language (based on the Florentine dialect). He wrote (in Latin) a history of Venice from 1487 to 1513 in 12 volumes (published 1551) and translated it into Italian.

WORKS

Opere, vols. 1–12. Milan, 1808–10.
In Russian translation:
Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha Vozrozhdeniia, vol. 1. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

De Sanctis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963.
Hilborn, H. The Life of P. Bembo. New York, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
This book is based on the unique surviving inventory of the library that Cardinal Bembo collected and used during his stay in Rome, as prepared by the French jurist Jean Matal in 1545.
The programme may have been devised by Cardinal Bembo, tutor to Affonso's son.
Neoplatonism, illustrated here through Cardinal Bembo, further accommodated 'the adoration of a mistress into the matrix of competition for favour and reward'.