John Henry Newman

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Newman, John Henry


Born Feb. 21, 1801, in London; died Aug. 11, 1890, in Edgbaston, near Birmingham. English theologian, educational theoretician, publicist, and church figure. Son of a banker.

Newman graduated from Oxford University and until 1833 combined university teaching with the duties of a vicar. His first work, The Arians of the Fourth Century (1833), already foreshadowed the direction that Newman would take in his later attempts to consolidate the religious doctrine of the Anglican Church. However, while working toward this goal in 90 periodically issued Tracts for the Times (1833–41), the aim of which was to bring a resounding halt to the “domination of liberalism in religious thought” and to revive “the true concept of the interrelationship between Anglicanism and the Catholic religion as a whole,” Newman moved further and further away from Anglicanism. In 1845 he converted to Catholicism and in 1847 became a priest of the Roman Catholic Church. From 1854 through 1858, Newman was rector of the Catholic University in Dublin. In 1879 he became a cardinal.

In his work Apologia pro vita sua (1864), Newman preached active acceptance of authoritarian religious views based on intuition and aided by force of will and moral feeling. Newman developed the position philosophically in An Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent (1870).

Newman’s works spread widely among Catholics and were translated into various languages. In the disputes between the representatives of Thomism and Scotism, Newman took the side of the followers of John Duns Scotus and defended the principle of an “open theology” free of scholastic confines. He thereby became a precursor of the renewal and modernization of Catholicism in the mid-20th century.


Works, vols. 1–37. London, 1868–81.
Essays and Sketches, vols. 1–3. New York, 1948.
The Letters and Diaries, vols. 1–18. London-New York, 1961–68.
The Philosophical Notebook of J. H. Newman (in 2 vols.), vol. 1. New York, 1969.


Ward, W. The Life of Cardinal Newman, vols. 1–2. London, 1912.
Bouyer, L. Newman: Sa Vie, sa spiritualité. Paris, 1952.
Hollis, C. Newman and the Modern World. New York, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
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Heightening awareness of the ways in which groups like the Cardinal Newman Society, the Knights of Columbus and other conservative Catholic organizations work to suppress diversity of opinion or even questioning within our church is of vital importance for all who believe that faithfulness to the Gospel does not demand unthinking obedience to doctrine.
Stephen Sundborg might have been speaking about the Cardinal Newman Society, but he voiced the feelings of many alienated Catholics toward the powers-that-be when he said: "We do not pay attention to them, give them credence, and they do not influence our decisions or policies.
Cardinal Newman was twinned with the Ugandan school in 2004 as part of the successful PONT project which aims to strengthen relationships and share good practice between the two schools.
For Oaks Christian of Westlake Village's football team, it took all of those efforts and a few more Saturday to answer its biggest challenge of the season against Cardinal Newman of Santa Rosa in the CIF State Div.
Cardinal Newman Deacon Jack Sullivan at the Oratory in Edgbaston founded by Cardinal John Henry Newman
Richard McBrien prior to the Cardinal Newman Society's recent complaint, yet two weeks earlier NCR reported serious questions raised in a 1998 book review by fellow Notre Dame professor Fr.
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Fr Dominic Innamorati, now parish priest of St John & Martin in Balsall Heath, regrets he was too young to ask his two uncles what was so impressive about their employer, later to become Cardinal Newman.
Dominic Innamorati, now parish priest of St John & Martin in Balsall Heath, regrets he was too ys oung to ask his uncles what was so impressive about their employer, later to become Cardinal Newman.
I appreciate the opportunity to put the record straight following the front page story about an incident at Cardinal Newman Comprehensive School, in Friday's Echo.