Cardinal Wolsey

Wolsey, Cardinal

 

(Thomas Wolsey). Born circa 1473 in Ipswich; died Nov. 29, 1530. English state figure.

From 1507 to 1509, Wolsey was chaplain to King Henry VII. Under Henry VIII, he concentrated in his own hands the highest administrative and clerical positions: in 1514 he became archbishop of York, in 1515 lord chancellor and a cardinal, and in 1518 a papal legate. Wolsey furthered the centralization of government and strove to subordinate the church to the state. The unsuccessful implementation of a policy regarding enclosures and other failures in domestic politics undermined Wolsey’s position. In 1529 he was dismissed as lord chancellor, and in 1530 he was charged with treason, which made him subject to the death penalty. Wolsey fell ill and died on a journey from York to London.

References in classic literature ?
What an ample subject for reflection on the uncertain Enjoyments of this World, would not that Phaeton and the Life of Cardinal Wolsey afford a thinking Mind
And by carefully giving way to the inclination of the leaves, he did find it, or within a page or two, quite near enough to satisfy Lady Bertram, who assured him, as soon as he mentioned the name of Cardinal Wolsey, that he had got the very speech.
He considered himself entitled, at Hampton Court on a holiday, to forget the very names of Cardinal Wolsey or William of Orange; but he could hardly be dragged from some details about the arrangement of the electric bells in the neighboring hotel.
A highly successful lawyer, he was rapidly advanced by Henry VIII in court and in national affairs, until on the fall of Cardinal Wolsey in 1529 he was appointed, much against his will, to the highest office open to a subject, that of Lord Chancellor (head of the judicial system).
The actions that follow show that the Tudor Court is locked in a power struggle between its nobles and the Machiavellian Cardinal Wolsey, the King's first minister and the most conspicuous symbol of Catholic power in the land.
1530: Following his arrest for treason, Cardinal Wolsey was recalled to London and died on the way at Leicester.
Nostalgia ON THIS DAY 1530: Following his arrest for treason, Cardinal Wolsey was recalled to London and died on the way at Leicester.
The nursery rhyme Humpty Dumpty was inspired by Cardinal Wolsey, who was Archbishop of York, a short egg-shaped gentleman who would sit on a wall to think, usually about how to get Henry VIII his next divorce.
This article examines the ways in which Shakespeare's Henry VIII self-consciously and thematically reflects on representing the historical Cardinal Wolsey onstage.
From Princes to Pages: The Literary Lives of Cardinal Wolsey, Tudor England's 'Other King'
However, it would have been rivalled in artistic ambition and surpassed in sheer grandeur by Benedetto's tomb of Cardinal Wolsey, on which these angels were intended to surmount the nine-foot-high corner pillars, had that project not foundered on the rocks of a catastrophic reversal of political fortune at the hands of Henry VIII.