Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle

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Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de


(also Granvela, Antoine Perrenot de). Born Aug. 20, 1517, in Besançon; died Sept. 21, 1586, in Madrid. Spanish statesman, cardinal (1561).

From 1559 to 1564, Granyelle was the closest adviser of the Spanish regent in the Netherlands, Margaret of Parma. He carried out a policy directed at the enslavement and plundering of the Netherlands. Granvelle’s policy provoked indignation in the country and he was recalled to Spain. He was viceroy of Naples from 1571 to 1575, and after 1575 he was an especially trusted adviser of the Spanish king Philip II.

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Peu de Ministres ont ete aussi laborieux, aussi exacts, aussi attentifs, que le cardinal de Granvelle.
COURCHETET D'ESNANS, Histoire du cardinal de Granvelle, de Paris : Chez Duchesne, 1761, BNM: 3/57702, muy centrado en los hechos politicos que vivio el prelado, y reeditado en Bruselas, 1784, y E.
Inventaire des papiers laisses par le Cardinal de Granvelle a Madrid, en 1586;.
PIQUARD, "Les livres du cardinal de Granvelle a la Bibliotheque de Besancon, I.