Cardiovirus


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Cardiovirus

[′kär·dē·ō‚vī·rəs]
(virology)
A genus of viruses of the family Picornaviridae; consists of strains of encephalomyocarditis virus and mouse encephalomyelitis.
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We will use X-ray crystallography to determine virion structures of representative viruses from Parechovirus, Kobuvirus, Cardiovirus, and Cosavirus genera and Human Rhinovirus-C species.
Six genera are associated with human infections: cardiovirus (saffold virus), cosavirus, enterovirus (EV), hepatovirus (hepatitis A), kobuvirus (Aichi virus) and HPeV.
The novel human cardiovirus that was isolated was designated Saffold virus (SAFV) (1).
Frequent detection of highly diverse variants of cardiovirus, cosavirus, bocavirus, and circovirus in sewage samples collected in the United States.
The genus Cardiovirus also contains a second species called encephalomyocarditis virus.
The family Picornaviridae includes 12 established genera, and representatives of 5 of these have been found in humans (Enterovirus, Hepatovirus, Parechovirus, Cardiovirus, and Kobuvirus).
To the Editor: Since 2007, a new cardiovirus, named Saffold virus (SAFV), has been isolated from human specimens in the United States, Canada, the Netherlands, and People's Republic of China (1-4).
To the Editor: Saffold virus (SAFV) is a new human virus belonging to the genus Cardiovirus of the family Picornaviridae (1-6).
Saffold cardiovirus in the family Picornaviridae was isolated and identified from fecal specimens of a child with fever of unknown origin in the United States (3).
Picornaviruses (family Picornaviridae) are small, non-enveloped viruses with single-stranded, positive-sense genomic RNA; they are divided into 12 genera: Aphthovirus, Avihepatovirus, Cardiovirus, Enterovirus, Erbovirus, Hepatovirus, Parechovirus, Sapelovirus, Senecavirus, Teschovirus, Tremovirus, and Kobuvirus (1).
SAFV is genetically related to Theiler viruses and is believed to constitute a novel cardiovirus species (1,7).
To the Editor: A new member of the genus Cardiovirus, termed Saffold virus (SAFV), was discovered recently in stool specimens and nasopharyngeal aspirate samples from patients with fever of unknown origin, respiratory symptoms, or gastroenteritis; these have been considered the first documented reports of cardiovirus infection in humans (1-4).